Toyota Tercel 1984-1994 Repair Guide

Tie Rod Ends

Print

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION




CAUTION
On models equipped with a Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) or "air bag,'' work must NOT be started until at least 90 seconds have passed from the time that both the ignition switch is turned to the LOCK position and the negative cable is disconnected from the battery.


CAUTION
The steering system on any vehicle is assembled with high grade, hardened fasteners. NEVER substitute a fastener of inferior load rating when assembling a suspension component!

Outer Tie Rod

See Figures 1 and 2

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Raise the front of the vehicle and support it safely. Remove the wheel.
  4.  
  5. Remove the cotter pin and nut securing the tie rod to the steering knuckle.
  6.  
  7. Using a tie rod separator, disengage the tie rod from the steering knuckle.
  8.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: A special tool is used to separate the tie rod from the steering knuckle

Use only the correct tool to separate the tie rod. Replace the joint if the rubber boot is cracked or ripped.

  1. Matchmark the position of the tie rod on the steering rack.
  2.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 2: Paint matchmarks on the outer tie rod before removal

  1. Loosen the lock-nut or clamp bolt, then remove the tie rod from the steering rack (the tie rod is threaded onto the shaft).
  2.  

To install:
  1. Thread the tie rod onto the rack until the matchmarks made earlier align.
  2.  
  3. Tighten the lock-nuts to 41 ft. lbs. (56 Nm) on 1984-90 models and 35 ft. lbs. (47 Nm) on 1991-94 models.
  4.  
  5. Connect the tie rod end to the steering knuckle. Tighten the nut to 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm), then install a new cotter pin.
  6.  
  7. Install the wheel, then lower the vehicle to the ground. Have the alignment checked at a reputable repair facility.
  8.  

Inner Tie Rod

See Figures 3 and 4

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the rack and pinion assembly from the vehicle. Refer to the appropriate procedure in this section.
  4.  
  5. If necessary, remove the outer tie rod end.
  6.  
  7. Secure the rack assembly in a vise. Do not overtighten and use protective jaws to prevent damaging the unit.
  8.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 3: Use a hammer and chisel to unstake the claw washer

  1. Using a hammer and chisel, unstake the claw washer.
  2.  
  3. While holding the rack shaft flats with an adjustable wrench, use SST 09612-10092 or its equivalent, on wagons and 1984-86 sedans and SST 09617-10020 or its equivalent on 1987-94 sedans to remove the inner tie rod end.
  4.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 4: A special tool is used to remove and install the inner tie rods

To install:
  1. Install a new claw washer. Align the groove in the shaft with the claw on the washer, then thread the inner tie rod onto the shaft.
  2.  
  3. While holding the rack shaft flats with an adjustable wrench, use SST 09612-10092 or its equivalent, on wagons and 1984-86 sedans and SST 09617-10020 or its equivalent on 1987-94 sedans to install the inner tie rod end. Torque to 61 ft. lbs. (83 Nm) on wagons and 1984-86 sedans and 38 ft. lbs. (51 Nm) on 1987-94 sedans.
  4.  
  5. Stake the claw washer over the flats on the inner tie rod, not the rack shaft.
  6.  
  7. Install the outer tie rod end, if necessary.
  8.  
  9. Install the rack assembly on the vehicle.
  10.  
  11. Bleed the system on vehicles equipped with power steering.
  12.  
  13. Check for proper operation. Have a reputable shop check the wheel alignment.
  14.  

 
label.common.footer.alt.autozoneLogo