Removal & Installation
During these procedures, identify all components removed from the engine so that they may be reinstalled in their original positions. If discarding the old components so that new components can be installed, identifying the old items is not necessary.
The 1.6L engine is known as an interference motor, because it is fabricated with such close tolerances between the pistons and valves that, if the timing belt is incorrectly positioned, jumps teeth on one of the sprockets or breaks, the valve and pistons will come into contact. This can cause severe internal engine damage. Therefore, it is vitally important to inspect and replace the timing belt as indicated in the maintenance intervals chart.
Do not rotate the crankshaft counterclockwise or attempt to rotate the crankshaft by turning the camshaft sprocket.
- Remove the timing belt cover.
- If the timing belt is not already marked with a directional arrow, use white paint, a grease pencil or correction fluid to do so.
Rotate the crankshaft clockwise until the timing mark on the camshaft sprocket and the V mark on the timing belt inside cover are aligned, and the punch mark on the crankshaft sprocket is aligned with the mark on the engine.
WARNINGDo not rotate the crankshaft or camshaft once the timing belt is removed, because the valves and pistons can come into contact, which may cause internal engine damage.
- Disconnect one end of the tensioner spring. Loosen the timing belt tensioner bolt and stud, then, using your finger, press the tensioner plate up and remove the timing belt from the crankshaft and camshaft sprockets.
- Remove the timing belt tensioner, tensioner plate and spring from the engine.
Install Special Tool 09917-68220, or equivalent, onto the camshaft sprocket to hold the camshaft from rotating. Loosen the camshaft sprocket retaining bolt, then pull the camshaft sprocket off of the end of the camshaft.
- Remove the crankshaft timing belt sprocket by loosening the center bolt, while preventing the crankshaft from rotating. To hold the crankshaft from turning, you can use Special Tool 09927-56010 (or equivalent), or a large prybar inserted in the transmission housing slot and the flywheel teeth. Pull the sprocket off of the end of the crankshaft. Be sure to retain the crankshaft sprocket key and belt guide for assembly.
- If necessary, remove the timing belt inside cover from the cylinder head.
- If necessary, install the timing belt inside cover.
- Slide the timing belt guide on the crankshaft so that the concave side faces the oil pump, then install the sprocket key in the groove in the crankshaft.
- Slide the pulley onto the crankshaft, and install the center retaining bolt. Tighten the center bolt to 80 ft. lbs. (110 Nm). To hold the crankshaft from turning, you can use Special Tool 09927-56010 (or equivalent), or a large prybar inserted in the transmission housing slot and the flywheel teeth.
- Install the timing belt camshaft sprocket, ensuring that the slot in the sprocket engages the camshaft (pulley) pin; this ensures that the sprocket is properly positioned on the end of the camshaft. Secure the camshaft with the holding tool used during removal, then tighten the sprocket bolt to 44 ft. lbs. (60 Nm).
Assemble the timing belt tensioner plate and the tensioner, making sure that the lug of the tensioner plate engages the tensioner.
- Install the timing belt tensioner, tensioner plate and spring on the engine. Tighten the mounting bolt and stud only finger-tight at this time. Ensure that when the tensioner is moved in a counterclockwise direction, the tensioner moves in the same direction. If the tensioner does not move, remove it and the tensioner plate to reassemble them properly.
- Loosen all rocker arm valve lash locknuts and adjusting screws. This will permit movement of the camshaft without any rocker arm associated drag, which is essential for proper timing belt tensioning. If the camshaft does not rotate freely (free of rocker arm drag), the belt will not be properly tensioned.
Rotate the camshaft sprocket clockwise until the timing mark on the sprocket and the V mark on the timing belt inside cover are aligned.