VW Passat & Audi A4 1990-2000

Wheels

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
  1. Park the vehicle on a level surface.
  2.  
  3. Remove the jack, tire iron and, if necessary, the spare tire from their storage compartments.
  4.  
  5. Check the owner's manual or refer to Jacking. Then, place the jack in the proper position.
  6.  



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Fig. Place the jack at the proper lifting point on your vehicle

  1. If equipped with lug nut trim caps, remove them by either unscrewing or pulling them off the lug nuts, as appropriate. Consult the owner's manual, if necessary.
  2.  
  3. If equipped with a wheel cover or hub cap, insert the tapered end of the tire iron in the groove and pry off the cover.
  4.  



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Fig. Before jacking the vehicle, block the diagonally opposite wheel with one or, preferably, two chocks



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Fig. The vehicle's tool kit should have all the necessary equipment to remove the wheels

  1. Apply the parking brake and block the diagonally opposite wheel with a wheel chock or two.
  2.  


NOTE
Wheel chocks may be purchased at your local auto parts store, or a block of wood cut into wedges may be used. If possible, keep one or two of the chocks in your tire storage compartment, in case any of the tires has to be removed on the side of the road.

  1. If equipped with an automatic transmission/transaxle, place the selector lever in P or Park. If manual transmission/transaxle, place the shifter in Reverse.
  2.  
  3. With the tires still on the ground, use the tire iron/wrench to break the lug nuts loose.
  4.  

With the vehicle still on the ground, break the lug nuts loose using the wrench end of the tire iron



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Fig. If equipped with trim covers, remove the covers to access the lug bolts



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Fig. If equipped with wheel locks, the wheel lock key is used with the lug wrench to remove the lug bolt



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Fig. Before completely removing the lug bolts . . .



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Fig. . . . start the threaded guide tool by hand, then use the screwdriver bit to seat it


NOTE
If a lug bolt is stuck, never use heat to loosen it or damage to the wheel and bearings may occur. If the nuts are seized, one or two heavy hammer blows directly on the end of the bolt usually loosens the rust. Be careful, as continued pounding will likely damage the brake drum or rotor.

  1. Using the jack, raise the vehicle until the tire is clear of the ground. Support the vehicle safely using jackstands.
  2.  
  3. Remove the lug nuts, then remove the tire and wheel assembly.
  4.  


NOTE
If the wheel and tire assembly are stuck onto the hub, install two lug bolts about ten turns, the rap sharply on the inside of the tire with a rubber mallet until the wheel is separated from the hub.



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Fig. The plastic guide tool remains in the threaded bolt hole once the wheel and tire assembly are removed from the vehicle

To install:

  1. Make sure the wheel and hub mating surfaces, as well as the wheel lug bolts, are clean and free of all foreign material. Always remove rust from the wheel mounting surface and the brake rotor or drum. Failure to do so may cause the lug bolts to loosen in service.
  2.  
  3. Install the tire and wheel assembly and hand-tighten the lug bolts.
  4.  
  5. Using the tire wrench, tighten all the lug bolts, in a crisscross pattern, until they are snug.
  6.  
  7. Raise the vehicle and withdraw the jackstands, then lower the vehicle.
  8.  
  9. Using a torque wrench, tighten the lug bolts in a crisscross pattern to:
  10.  

Wheel lug bolts:



M12 x 1.5: 81 ft. lbs. (110 Nm)
 
M14 x 1.5: 89 ft. lbs. (120 Nm)
 

  1. If removed, install any wheel trim components taken off during removal.
  2.  



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Fig. Apply a light coat of an anti-seizing compound to the threads



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Fig. If the plastic guide tool is not used (or available) the wheel may misalign with the brake rotor and the threads in the hub. If this happens . . .



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Fig. . . . Hold the wheel against the hub and use a suitable screwdriver moving it side to side to bring the lug bolt holes in alignment with the threaded holes in the hub



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Fig. The end of the screwdriver handle fits the lug bolts



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Fig. Use the screwdriver handle to start the lug bolts



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Fig. Always tighten the lug bolts using a crisscross pattern



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Fig. Always torque the lug bolts in a crisscross pattern to the recommended specification


WARNING
Do NOT overtighten the lug bolts, as this may cause the bolts to stretch and weaken or the brake disc (rotor) to warp.

  1. If so equipped, install the wheel cover or hub cap. Make sure the valve stem protrudes through the proper opening before tapping the wheel cover into position.
  2.  
  3. If equipped, install the lug nut trim caps over the lug bolts by pushing them on, as applicable.
  4.  
  5. Remove the jack from under the vehicle, and place the jack and tire iron/wrench in their storage compartments. Remove the wheel chock(s).
  6.  
  7. If you have removed a flat or damaged tire, place it in the storage compartment of the vehicle and take it to your local repair station to have it fixed or replaced as soon as possible.
  8.  

Inspection

Inspect the tires for lacerations, puncture marks, nails and other sharp objects. Repair or replace as necessary. Also check the tires for tread wear and air pressure.

Check the wheel assemblies for dents, cracks, rust and metal fatigue. Repair or replace as necessary.

With the wheel removed, check for obvious bends, dents or chip missing from the rim. Check for cracks at the spokes, inside and outside. With the wheel installed, spin the wheel on the hub to check for bends and wobbles not noticeable with the wheel removed.

Do NOT try to repair a damaged wheel by hammering it straight. Have an alloy wheel professionally repaired or replace it. Replace damaged steel wheels. Use only OEM approved replacement wheels and check your dealer for approved makes of wheels. Do NOT change the size, width or offset without first checking if the change is acceptable.

Tire and wheel vibrations can be caused by several conditions such as:



Bent wheel
 
Tire imbalance
 
Uneven tire wear
 
Internal tire damage
 

To check a tire/wheel assembly, remove and mount in a suitable spin balance tire machine. Check the following and replace as necessary:



Tire balance
 
Wheel and tire axial runout
 
Wheel and tire radial runout
 

Steel wheels and tires:



Maximum tire radial runout: 0.078 inches (2.0mm)
 
Maximum tire axial runout: 0.078 inches (2.0mm)
 
Maximum wheel radial runout: 0.039 inches (1.0mm)
 
Maximum wheel axial runout: 0.039 inches (1.0mm)
 

Aluminum wheels and tires:



Maximum tire radial runout: 0.063 inches (1.6mm)
 
Maximum tire axial runout: 0.063 inches (1.6mm)
 
Maximum wheel radial runout: 0.023 inches (0.6mm)
 
Maximum wheel axial runout: 0.023 inches (0.6mm)
 



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Fig. If the inner belts are visible replace the tire

 
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