- Park the vehicle on a level surface.
- Remove the jack, tire iron and, if necessary, the spare tire from their storage compartments.
- Check the owner's manual or refer to Jacking. Then, place the jack in the proper position.
- If equipped with lug nut trim caps, remove them by either unscrewing or pulling them off the lug nuts, as appropriate. Consult the owner's manual, if necessary.
- If equipped with a wheel cover or hub cap, insert the tapered end of the tire iron in the groove and pry off the cover.
- Apply the parking brake and block the diagonally opposite wheel with a wheel chock or two.
- If equipped with an automatic transmission/transaxle, place the selector lever in P or Park. If manual transmission/transaxle, place the shifter in Reverse.
- With the tires still on the ground, use the tire iron/wrench to break the lug nuts loose.
With the vehicle still on the ground, break the lug nuts loose using the wrench end of the tire iron
- Using the jack, raise the vehicle until the tire is clear of the ground. Support the vehicle safely using jackstands.
- Remove the lug nuts, then remove the tire and wheel assembly.
- Make sure the wheel and hub mating surfaces, as well as the wheel lug bolts, are clean and free of all foreign material. Always remove rust from the wheel mounting surface and the brake rotor or drum. Failure to do so may cause the lug bolts to loosen in service.
- Install the tire and wheel assembly and hand-tighten the lug bolts.
- Using the tire wrench, tighten all the lug bolts, in a crisscross pattern, until they are snug.
- Raise the vehicle and withdraw the jackstands, then lower the vehicle.
- Using a torque wrench, tighten the lug bolts in a crisscross pattern to:
Wheel lug bolts:
- If removed, install any wheel trim components taken off during removal.
- If so equipped, install the wheel cover or hub cap. Make sure the valve stem protrudes through the proper opening before tapping the wheel cover into position.
- If equipped, install the lug nut trim caps over the lug bolts by pushing them on, as applicable.
- Remove the jack from under the vehicle, and place the jack and tire iron/wrench in their storage compartments. Remove the wheel chock(s).
- If you have removed a flat or damaged tire, place it in the storage compartment of the vehicle and take it to your local repair station to have it fixed or replaced as soon as possible.
Inspect the tires for lacerations, puncture marks, nails and other sharp objects. Repair or replace as necessary. Also check the tires for tread wear and air pressure.
Check the wheel assemblies for dents, cracks, rust and metal fatigue. Repair or replace as necessary.
With the wheel removed, check for obvious bends, dents or chip missing from the rim. Check for cracks at the spokes, inside and outside. With the wheel installed, spin the wheel on the hub to check for bends and wobbles not noticeable with the wheel removed.
Do NOT try to repair a damaged wheel by hammering it straight. Have an alloy wheel professionally repaired or replace it. Replace damaged steel wheels. Use only OEM approved replacement wheels and check your dealer for approved makes of wheels. Do NOT change the size, width or offset without first checking if the change is acceptable.
Tire and wheel vibrations can be caused by several conditions such as:
To check a tire/wheel assembly, remove and mount in a suitable spin balance tire machine. Check the following and replace as necessary:
Steel wheels and tires:
Aluminum wheels and tires: