Volkswagen Air-Cooled 1970-1981 Repair Guide

Front End Alignment

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See Figure 1

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Fig. Fig. 1: Wheel Alignment Specifications

CASTER ADJUSTMENT



See Figure 2

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Fig. Fig. 2: Caster is the forward or backward tilt of the spindle in degrees

Caster is the forward or backward tilt of the spindle. Forward tilt is negative caster and backward tilt is positive caster. Caster is not adjustable on the torsion bar or the strut suspensions. A slight caster adjustment can be made on the 1980-81 Type 2 Vanagon by moving the nuts on the end of the front suspension strut.

CAMBER ADJUSTMENT



See Figure 3

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Fig. Fig. 3: Camber angle is the distance the top of the wheel leans out or in from the vertical plane

Camber is the tilt of the top of the wheel, inward or outward, from true vertical. Outward tilt is positive, inward tilt is negative.

Torsion Bar Suspension

The upper ball joint on each side is mounted in an eccentric bushing. The bushing has a hex head and it may be rotated in either direction using a wrench.

Strut Suspension

The track control arm pivots on an eccentric bolt. Camber is adjusted by loosening the nut and rotating the bolt.

Spring on Lower Arm

Camber is adjusted by turning the upper control arm mounting bolt, which causes the two cams on the upper control arm to force the arm in or out.

TOE-IN ADJUSTMENT



See Figure 4

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Fig. Fig. 4: Toe-in is the amount that the front of the wheels point in toward, or away from, each other

Toe-in is the adjustment made to make the front wheels point slightly into the front. Toe-in is adjusted on all types of front suspensions by adjusting the length of the tie-rod sleeves.

 
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