Volkswagen Air-Cooled 1970-1981 Repair Guide



See Figure 1

Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: Exploded view of the front strut and identification of the specific strut components used on Type 1 Super Beetles and Super Beetle Convertibles

The strut front suspension system is found on Type 1 Super Beetles and Super Beetle Convertibles, and all Type 4 models. All other models are either equipped with the torsion bar front suspension system, which is covered earlier in this section, or the coil spring front suspension system, which is covered later in this section.

Each wheel is suspended independently on a shock absorber strut surrounded by a coil spring. The strut is located at the bottom by a track control arm and a ball joint, and at the top by a ball bearing which is rubber mounted to the body. The benefits of this type of suspension include a wider track, a very small amount of toe-in and camber change during suspension travel, and a reduced turning circle. The strut front suspension requires no lubrication. It is recommended, however, that the ball joint dust seals be checked every 6,000 miles and the ball joint play every 30,000 miles.