Volkswagen Cars 2000-05

Lower Control Arms

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Bushing Replacement



  1. Remove the control arm.
  2.  
  3. Position the control arm on a press. Carefully push the bushing out of the control arm using the press.
  4.  

To install:

  1. Lightly lubricate, then position the bushing on the control arm. On Golf and Jetta models, align one arrow with the dimple on the control arm (the kidney shaped opening in the bushing must face the center of the vehicle when the control arm is installed).
  2.  
  3. Carefully press the bushing into the control arm.
  4.  
  5. Install the control arm.
  6.  

  1. Remove the control arm.
  2.  
  3. Position the control arm on a press. Carefully push the bushing out of the control arm using the press.
  4.  

To install:

  1. Lightly lubricate, then position the bushing on the control arm. On Golf and Jetta models, align one arrow with the dimple on the control arm (the kidney shaped opening in the bushing must face the center of the vehicle when the control arm is installed).
  2.  
  3. Carefully press the bushing into the control arm.
  4.  
  5. Install the control arm.
  6.  

  1. Chock the rear wheels and then lift the vehicle supporting it on jack stands.
  2.  
  3. Remove the front wheel.
  4.  
  5. Base suspension models require the removal of the connecting link to the control arm.
  6.  
  7. Plus suspension models require the removal of the nut that attaches the stabilizer bar to the control arm.
  8.  
  9. Separate the link from the arm.
  10.  
  11. Matchmark the correct installed position of the ball joint into the control arm.
  12.  
  13. Remove the ball joint.
  14.  
  15. Remove the pivot bolt from the control arm.
  16.  
  17. Remove the rear control arm mounting bolt.
  18.  
  19. Pull the rear control arm from the vehicle.
  20.  

To install:

  1. Install the control arm and slide the ball joint into it.
  2.  
  3. Push the control arm pivot bolt through the control arm. Also install the rear mounting bolt. Tighten the pivot bolt to 37 ft. lbs. (50Nm) and then turn it another 90°. The rear mounting bolt is to be tightened to 52 ft. lbs. (70Nm) and then turn it 90°.
  4.  
  5. Align the ball joint retaining plate on top of the control arm then install the ball joint bolts. Tighten the bolts to 26 ft. lbs. (35Nm).
  6.  
  7. Install the connecting links.
  8.  
  9. Install the wheel and tire. Tighten the lug nuts to 81 ft. lbs. (110 Nm).
  10.  

  1. Chock the rear wheels and then lift the vehicle supporting it on jack stands.
  2.  
  3. Remove the front wheel.
  4.  
  5. Base suspension models require the removal of the connecting link to the control arm.
  6.  
  7. Plus suspension models require the removal of the nut that attaches the stabilizer bar to the control arm.
  8.  
  9. Separate the link from the arm.
  10.  
  11. Matchmark the correct installed position of the ball joint into the control arm.
  12.  
  13. Remove the ball joint.
  14.  
  15. Remove the pivot bolt from the control arm.
  16.  
  17. Remove the rear control arm mounting bolt.
  18.  
  19. Pull the rear control arm from the vehicle.
  20.  

To install:

  1. Install the control arm and slide the ball joint into it.
  2.  
  3. Push the control arm pivot bolt through the control arm. Also install the rear mounting bolt. Tighten the pivot bolt to 37 ft. lbs. (50Nm) and then turn it another 90°. The rear mounting bolt is to be tightened to 52 ft. lbs. (70Nm) and then turn it 90°.
  4.  
  5. Align the ball joint retaining plate on top of the control arm then install the ball joint bolts. Tighten the bolts to 26 ft. lbs. (35Nm).
  6.  
  7. Install the connecting links.
  8.  
  9. Install the wheel and tire. Tighten the lug nuts to 81 ft. lbs. (110 Nm).
  10.  

  1. Remove the control arm.
  2.  
  3. Position the control arm on a press. Carefully push the bushing out of the control arm using the press.
  4.  

To install:

  1. Lightly lubricate, then position the bushing on the control arm. On Golf and Jetta models, align one arrow with the dimple on the control arm (the kidney shaped opening in the bushing must face the center of the vehicle when the control arm is installed).
  2.  
  3. Carefully press the bushing into the control arm.
  4.  
  5. Install the control arm.
  6.  

Lower Guide Link
  1. Note the radio security code and disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the control arm assembly.
  4.  
  5. Install the aluminum alloy control arm into a vise with protective jaws, noting the angle reference of the bushing as it is installed.
  6.  
  7. Use bushing withdrawal Tool Nos. 3347, 3346/2, 3301 and 3347/1 (or their equivalent), and extract the bushing from the control arm.
  8.  

To install:

  1. Position the bushing with the bushing sleeve keyhole and arrows facing the ball joint.
  2.  


NOTE
The bushing must be pressed into place facing the ball joint within plus or minus 5 degrees.

  1. Install the bushing by drawing it into the control arm using Tool Nos. 3347/2, 3347/1, 3346/2, 3346/3, 3301 and 3347/1 (or their equivalent).
  2.  
  3. Install the control arm assembly.
  4.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. The aluminum alloy control arm bushings are removed using a proper set of cylindrical withdrawal tools. The threaded shaft pulls the bushing from the control arm-support link bushing illustrated



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. The aluminum alloy control arm bushings are installed by using cylindrical tools and a threaded shaft to pull the bushing into the control arm-support link bushing illustrated

Lower Support Link
  1. Note the radio security code and disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the control arm assembly.
  4.  
  5. Install the aluminum alloy control arm into a vise with protective jaws, noting the angle reference of the bushing as it is installed.
  6.  
  7. To remove the inner bushing, use bushing withdrawal Tool Nos. 3346, 3346/2, 3301/4, 3301 and 3301/1, or their equivalent, and extract the bushing from the control arm.
  8.  
  9. To remove the outer bushing, use bushing withdrawal Tool Nos. 3346/3, 3346/2, 3301/4, 3301 and 3350/1, or equivalent, and extract the bushing from the control arm.
  10.  

To install:

  1. To install the inner bushing, position the bushing such that the angle of the bushing sleeve is 3-9° from being perpendicular or 93-99° to the control arm.
  2.  
  3. Use the bushing installation Tool Nos. 3346/1, 3346/2, 3301/4, and 3301 (or their equivalent), and draw the bushing into the bore of the control arm making sure the angle of the bushing sleeve is 3-9° from being perpendicular or 93-99° to the control arm.
  4.  
  5. To install the outer bushing, use Tool Nos. 3346/3, 3346/2, 3301/4, 3301 and 3346/1 (or their equivalent), and draw the bushing into the control arm.
  6.  
  7. Install the control arm assembly.
  8.  

Removal & Installation





Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Removal of the lower control arm


NOTE
The A4 and 1998-00 Passat models are equipped with 2 lower ball joints that are not serviceable. The control arms must be replaced if a joint is worn or damaged.

When removing the driver's side control arm on Golf and Jetta equipped with an automatic transaxle, it may be necessary to lift the engine/transaxle. First support the engine from above or below. Remove the front left engine mounting nut and bolt, remove the rear mount and raise the engine to expose the front control arm bolt.

  1. Raise and safely support the vehicle and remove the wheels.
  2.  
  3. Remove the ball joint clamping bolt and pry the control arm down.
  4.  
  5. Remove the rubber bushings to unfasten the stabilizer bar.
  6.  
  7. Remove the control arm mounting bolts and remove the control arm.
  8.  

To install:

  1. Installation is the reverse of removal. Tighten the following components:

    Cabriolet control arm bushing bolts-50 ft. lbs. (68 Nm).
     
    Golf and Jetta front bushing bolts-971 inch lbs. (130 Nm), rear bolts-59 ft. lbs. (80 Nm).
     
    Stabilizer bar link rods-18 ft. lbs. (25 Nm).
     
    Stabilizer bar bushing clamp bolts-32 ft. lbs. (43 Nm).
     
    Ball joint clamping bolt-37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm).
     

  2.  

Lower Guide Link
  1. Note the radio security code and disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  4.  
  5. Remove the front wheels.
  6.  
  7. Remove the nut from the lower guide link ball joint and press out the joint from the wheel bearing housing. If necessary, use a tie rod end removal tool to press out the ball joint.
  8.  
  9. Loosen the lower guide link-to-subframe attaching bolt.
  10.  


NOTE
The subframe must be lowered at the rear to remove the lower guide link-to-subframe attaching bolt.

  1. Loosen the rear subframe support plate and subframe bolts.
  2.  
  3. remove the lower guide link-to-subframe attaching bolt.
  4.  
  5. Remove the link from the vehicle.
  6.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. The lower control arms consist of a lower guide link and a lower support link

To install:

  1. Installation is in reverse order of removal noting the following:
  2.  
  3. Install the control arm to the subframe using a new bolt and washer and tighten to:
  4.  

Lower guide link control arm to subframe bolt (replace):



Step 1: 66 ft. lbs. (90 Nm)
 
Step 2: 90° ( 1 / 4 turn)
 

  1. Install the following finger tight:
  2.  


    Subframe bracket to the subframe using a new bolt
     
    Subframe bracket to the underbody
     
    Lower guide link ball joint
     

  3. Torque the mounting fasteners as follows:
  4.  


    Lower guide link ball joint-to-bearing housing (knuckle): 74 ft. lbs. (100 Nm)
     
    Subframe bracket-to-underbody: 18 ft. lbs. (25 Nm)
     


Subframe bracket-to-subframe:



Step 1: 81 ft. lbs. (110 Nm)
 
Step 2: 90° ( 1 / 4 turn)
 

  1. Check the front suspension alignment and adjust as necessary.
  2.  

Lower Support Link
  1. Note the radio security code and disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Raise and safely support the vehicle and remove the front wheels.
  4.  
  5. Remove the nut from the lower track control link, and then press the ball joint out of the tapered seat. If necessary, use a tie rod end removal tool.
  6.  
  7. Support the wheel bearing housing to prevent excessive rebound travel in the suspension.
  8.  
  9. Remove the stabilizer link and lower strut clevis mounting bolt.
  10.  
  11. Remove the lower track control link-to-subframe attaching bolt.
  12.  
  13. Remove the lower track control link from the vehicle.
  14.  

To install:

  1. Install the lower track control link into the vehicle and install the subframe attaching bolt.
  2.  
  3. Tighten the lower strut clevis mounting bolt to 74 ft. lbs. (100 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Install the stabilizer link and tighten the upper attaching bolt to 30 ft. lbs. (40 Nm) plus 1 / 4 turn (90°), then the lower attaching bolt to 74 ft. lbs. (100 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Load the suspension and tighten the subframe attaching bolt to 59 ft. lbs. (80 Nm) plus 1 / 4 turn (90°).
  8.  
  9. Install the wheels and lower vehicle.
  10.  
  11. Check the front suspension alignment.
  12.  

 
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