Volkswagen Cars 2000-05

Removal & Installation

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  1. Remove the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Center the steering wheel.
  4.  
  5. Remove the air bag mounting screws from rear of the steering wheel.
  6.  
  7. Carefully remove the air bag from the steering wheel.
  8.  
  9. Matchmark the steering wheel and the column. Remove the hex nut and remove the steering wheel.
  10.  

To install:

  1. The steering wheel and its components can be installed in the reverse order of removal.
  2.  


NOTE
See the air bag removal and installation sections to ensure safe installation..


CAUTION
Some models covered by this manual may be equipped with a Supplemental Restraint System (SRS), which uses an air bag. Whenever working near any of the SRS components, such as the impact sensors, the air bag module, steering column and instrument panel, disable the SRS. Handling of the SRS components requires extreme care. Special tools are also required. If in doubt, see a qualified service technician to ensure proper removal and installation of air bag system components.

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Disable the SRS (airbag) system, as outlined in the Chassis Electrical Section.
    CAUTION
    Do NOT proceed until the SRS system is properly disabled.

  4.  
  5. If equipped with a 3-spoke steering wheel, remove the driver side airbag unit as follows:
    1. Make sure the negative battery cable is disconnected before proceeding.
    2.  
    3. Release the steering column adjustment, pull out completely and push into upper position.
    4.  
    5. Secure the steering column adjustment.
    6.  
    7. Turn the steering wheel until the steering wheel spoke is in a vertical position.

      Click image to see an enlarged view

      Fig. Exploded view of the air bag unit removal-3-spoke steering wheel

    8.  
    9. Place a screwdriver about 17.5 cm long from behind into the steering wheel bezel hole (insert screwdriver approx. 45 mm).
    10.  
    11. Press screwdriver upward - arrow - . In this case, clamp - 10 - will be pressed back and the catch - 3 - of the airbag unit will thereby disengage.

      Click image to see an enlarged view

      Fig. Press the screwdriver upward (arrow). This will press back the clamp (10) and the catch (3) of the airbag unit will disengage.

    12.  
    13. Turn the steering wheel back 180° and disengage second catch on the opposite side.
    14.  
    15. Turn the steering wheel back to the center position (wheels in straight-ahead position).
    16.  
    17. Remove connector from airbag unit and remove the unit from the vehicle. Place the air bag unit, facing up, on a safe, flat surface.
    18.  

  6.  
  7. If equipped with a 4-spoke steering wheel, remove the driver side airbag unit as follows:
    NOTE
    There are two suppliers for the four-spoke steering wheel with airbag unit. "Petri" secures the airbag unit in the steering wheel with a rectangular stud (1) . "TRW" secures the airbag unit in the steering wheel with a stepped pin (2). Due to different engaging mechanisms, only steering wheels and airbag units from same supplier can be installed.


    NOTE
    Always note component supplier when ordering replacement parts.

    1. Make sure the negative battery cable is disconnected before proceeding.
    2.  
    3. Release steering column adjuster.
    4.  
    5. Turn the steering wheel until the steering wheel spoke is in a vertical position. Pull out steering column entirely and push into lower position.
    6.  
    7. Secure the steering column adjustment.

      Click image to see an enlarged view

      Fig. Exploded view of the air bag unit removal-4-spoke steering wheel

    8.  
    9. Place a screwdriver about 17.5 cm long from behind in steering wheel bezel hole (insert screwdriver about 45 mm).
    10.  
    11. Depress the screwdriver in direction of arrow. This will press back the clamp and disengage the catch of the airbag unit.

      Click image to see an enlarged view

      Fig. Depress the screwdriver in direction of arrow. This will press back the clamp (10) and disengage the catch (3) of the airbag unit

    12.  
    13. Turn the steering wheel back 180° and disengage second catch on the opposite side.
    14.  
    15. Turn the steering wheel to the center position (wheels in straight-ahead position).
      CAUTION
      Electrostatic discharges can cause unintended deployment of the airbag. You must discharge any static electricity from your body before separating the ignition and ground wiring. You can do this by briefly body of the vehicle, or the door striker or pin.

    16.  
    17. Remove connector from airbag unit and remove the unit from the vehicle. Place the air bag unit, facing up, on a safe, flat surface.
    18.  

  8.  
  9. Make sure the steering wheel is still in the center position (wheels in straight-ahead position).
  10.  
  11. Unscrew the socket head bolt and pull steering wheel off steering column.
    NOTE
    Mark bolt with punch indentation after each loosening procedure. Once there are 5 punch indentations on the bolt, it must be replaced with a new one.



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Exploded view of the steering wheel (1), mounting bolt (2), air bag unit (4) and related components

  12.  

To install:

  1. Position the steering wheel onto steering column. The center markings on the steering wheel and steering column must align.
    NOTE
    The coil connector mounting and pin must be positioned in the opening provided at the base of the steering wheel.

  2.  
  3. Secure the steering wheel with the retaining bolt and tighten to 41 ft. lbs. (55 Nm).
  4.  
  5. If equipped with a 4-spoke steering wheel, install the driver side airbag unit as follows:
    1. Connect harness connector for airbag module to steering wheel pan and press airbag unit into steering wheel.
      NOTE
      Only steering wheels and airbag units of the same manufacturer can be installed.

    2.  
    3. Check to be sure all catches for airbag unit are locked in steering wheel.
    4.  
    5. Switch the ignition ON
    6.  
    7. Connect the negative battery cable.
    8.  

  6.  
  7. If equipped with a 3-spoke steering wheel, install the driver side airbag unit as follows:
    1. Connect harness connector for airbag module to steering wheel pan and press airbag unit into steering wheel.
      NOTE
      Check to be sure all catches for airbag unit are locked in steering wheel.

    2.  
    3. Switch the ignition ON .
    4.  

  8.  
  9. Connect the negative battery cable and make sure the SRS system is operating properly.
  10.  

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Disable the SRS (airbag) system, as outlined in the Chassis Electrical Section.
    CAUTION
    Do NOT proceed until the SRS system is properly disabled.

  4.  
  5. Remove the driver side airbag unit, as follows:
    1. Disengage the steering column adjustment.
    2.  
    3. Turn the steering wheel until the steering wheel spoke is in a vertical position. Pull out steering column entirely and push into lower position.
    4.  
    5. Secure steering column adjustment.
    6.  
    7. Insert a flat blade screwdriver about (70 mm long and 8 mm wide) into the hole on back of steering wheel (press wide blade into hole toward outside of steering wheel).

      Click image to see an enlarged view

      Fig. Insert a flat blade screwdriver about (70 mm long and 8 mm wide) into the hole on back of steering wheel (1). Press the wide blade into hole toward outside of steering wheel, then turn the screwdriver (arrow) to press the clamp (2) and release the catch (3) and for the airbag unit (4)

    8.  
    9. Turn screwdriver (arrow). This will press down the clamp and disengage the catch for the airbag unit.
    10.  
    11. Turn steering wheel back 180° and disengage the second catch on the opposite side.
    12.  
    13. Turn steering wheel to center position (wheels in straight-ahead position).
    14.  
    15. Disconnect harness connector from airbag unit and remove the air bag from the vehicle.
    16.  
    17. Place the air bag unit, face up, on a workbench in a safe place.

      Click image to see an enlarged view

      Fig. Exploded view of the steering wheel (1), connector (2), mounting bolt (3), airbag unit (4) and catches (5)

    18.  

  6.  
  7. Disconnect the horn connector(s).
  8.  
  9. Turn steering wheel to center position (wheels in straight-ahead position).
  10.  
  11. Remove socket head bolt. The bolt is coated with a locking compound.
    NOTE
    Mark bolt with punch indentation after each loosening procedure. Once there are 5 punch indentations on the bolt, it must be replaced with a new one.

  12.  
  13. Pull steering wheel - 2 - off of the steering column.
  14.  

To install:

  1. Installation of the steering wheel is the reverse of the removal procedure. Tighten the steering wheel bolt to 45 ft. lbs. (60 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Install the driver-s side air bag unit as follows:
    1. Insert the airbag unit after connecting the harness connector into the steering wheel and push downward until catches (5) engage.
      CAUTION
      Make sure no on is in the vehicle. NEVER let anyone sit in the vehicle while the air bag system is being worked on.

    2.  
    3. Close the doors.
    4.  
    5. Connect the negative battery cable.
    6.  
    7. Switch the ignition ON .
    8.  
    9. After connecting the battery, check to make sure the electrical components (radio, clock, electric window regulator) are working properly.
    10.  

  4.  
  5. Make sure the SRS system is operating properly.
  6.  


NOTE
On early production Passat models, the steering wheel is secured with a hex bolt. On all other models, it is secured with a socket head bolt.

  1. Turn steering wheel to center position (wheels in straight-ahead position).
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  4.  
  5. Disable the SRS (airbag) system, as outlined in the Chassis Electrical Section.
    CAUTION
    Do NOT proceed until the SRS system is properly disabled.

  6.  
  7. For Passat models except the W8, equipped with a 3-spoke steering wheel, remove the driver side airbag unit as follows:
    1. Make sure the negative battery cable is disconnected before proceeding.
    2.  
    3. Release the steering column adjustment, pull out completely and push into upper position.
    4.  
    5. Secure the steering column adjustment.
    6.  
    7. Turn the steering wheel until the steering wheel spoke is in a vertical position.

      Click image to see an enlarged view

      Fig. Exploded view of the air bag unit removal-3-spoke steering wheel

    8.  
    9. Place a screwdriver about 17.5 cm long from behind into the steering wheel bezel hole (insert screwdriver approx. 45 mm).
    10.  
    11. Press screwdriver upward - arrow - . In this case, clamp - 10 - will be pressed back and the catch - 3 - of the airbag unit will thereby disengage.

      Click image to see an enlarged view

      Fig. Press the screwdriver upward (arrow). This will press back the clamp (10) and the catch (3) of the airbag unit will disengage.

    12.  
    13. Turn the steering wheel back 180° and disengage second catch on the opposite side.
    14.  
    15. Turn the steering wheel back to the center position (wheels in straight-ahead position).
    16.  
    17. Remove connector from airbag unit and remove the unit from the vehicle. Place the air bag unit, facing up, on a safe, flat surface.
    18.  

  8.  
  9. For Passat W8 models with a 3-spoke steering wheel, remove the drivers side airbag unit as follows: Disengage steering column adjustment.
    1. Turn the steering wheel until the spoke is in a vertical position. Pull out steering column entirely and push into upper position.
    2.  
    3. Secure steering column adjustment.
    4.  
    5. Position Airbag Release Tool T10119 in the rectangular opening on rear side of steering wheel.
    6.  
    7. Press Airbag Release Tool T10119 in direction of the arrow in the illustration, and pull airbag unit out of locking mechanism.

      Click image to see an enlarged view

      Fig. Position Airbag Release Tool T10119 in the rectangular opening on rear side of steering wheel. Press Airbag Release Tool T10119 in direction of the arrow and pull the airbag unit from the locking mechanism.

    8.  
    9. Turn steering wheel back 180° and disengage the second catch on the opposite side.
    10.  
    11. Turn steering wheel to center position (wheels in straight-ahead position).
    12.  
    13. Disengage the securing clip of harness connector, then detach the connector.

      Click image to see an enlarged view

      Fig. Disengage the securing clip of harness connector (1), then detach the connector (2)

    14.  

  10.  
  11. If equipped with a 4-spoke steering wheel, remove the driver side airbag unit as follows:
    NOTE
    There are two suppliers for the four-spoke steering wheel with airbag unit. "Petri" secures the airbag unit in the steering wheel with a rectangular stud (1) . "TRW" secures the airbag unit in the steering wheel with a stepped pin (2). Due to different engaging mechanisms, only steering wheels and airbag units from same supplier can be installed.


    NOTE
    Always note component supplier when ordering replacement parts.

    1. Make sure the negative battery cable is disconnected before proceeding.
    2.  
    3. Release steering column adjuster.
    4.  
    5. Turn the steering wheel until the steering wheel spoke is in a vertical position. Pull out steering column entirely and push into lower position.
    6.  
    7. Secure the steering column adjustment.

      Click image to see an enlarged view

      Fig. Exploded view of the air bag unit removal-4-spoke steering wheel

    8.  
    9. Place a screwdriver about 17.5 cm long from behind in steering wheel bezel hole (insert screwdriver about 45 mm).
    10.  
    11. Depress the screwdriver in direction of arrow. This will press back the clamp and disengage the catch of the airbag unit.

      Click image to see an enlarged view

      Fig. Depress the screwdriver in direction of arrow. This will press back the clamp (10) and disengage the catch (3) of the airbag unit

    12.  
    13. Turn the steering wheel back 180° and disengage second catch on the opposite side.
    14.  
    15. Turn the steering wheel to the center position (wheels in straight-ahead position).
      CAUTION
      Electrostatic discharges can cause unintended deployment of the airbag. You must discharge any static electricity from your body before separating the ignition and ground wiring. You can do this by briefly body of the vehicle, or the door striker or pin.

    16.  
    17. Remove connector from airbag unit and remove the unit from the vehicle. Place the air bag unit, facing up, on a safe, flat surface.
    18.  

  12.  
  13. Make sure the steering wheel is still in the center position (wheels in straight-ahead position).
  14.  
  15. Unscrew the hex bolt or socket head bolt, as applicable, then pull steering wheel off the steering column.
    NOTE
    Mark the steering wheel mounting bolt with a punch indentation after each time you loosen it. Once there are 5 punch indentations on the bolt, it must be replaced with a new one.



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Exploded view of the steering wheel-Passat with 4-spoke steering wheel



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Exploded view of the steering wheel (2) and mounting bolt (1)-Passat with 3-spoke steering wheel

  16.  

To install:


NOTE
Coat the steering wheel mounting bolt with a suitable locking compound before installing it.

  1. Position the steering wheel on the column and install the mounting bolt. Tighten the hex bolt to 55 ft. lbs. (75 Nm) or the socket head bolt to 45 ft. lbs. (60 Nm).
  2.  
  3. If equipped with a 4-spoke steering wheel, install the driver side airbag unit as follows:
    1. Connect harness connector for airbag module to steering wheel pan and press airbag unit into steering wheel.
      NOTE
      Only steering wheels and airbag units of the same manufacturer can be installed.

    2.  
    3. Check to be sure all catches for airbag unit are locked in steering wheel.
    4.  
    5. Switch the ignition ON
    6.  
    7. Connect the negative battery cable.
    8.  

  4.  
  5. If equipped with a 3-spoke steering wheel (except Passat W8), install the driver side airbag unit as follows:
    1. Connect harness connector for airbag module to steering wheel pan and press airbag unit into steering wheel.
      NOTE
      Check to be sure all catches for airbag unit are locked in steering wheel.

    2.  
    3. Switch the ignition ON .
    4.  

  6.  
  7. Connect the negative battery cable.
  8.  
  9. If equipped with a Passat W8 with a 3-spoke steering wheel, install the driver side airbag unit as follows:
    1. Attach the connector- to airbag unit and lock with the securing clip.
    2.  
    3. Install airbag unit into steering wheel.
      NOTE
      The catches of airbag unit must engage audibly!

    4.  
    5. Switch the ignition ON
    6.  
    7. Connect the negative battery cable.
    8.  

  10.  
  11. Make sure the SRS system is operating properly.
  12.  

With Air Bag




CAUTION
The models covered in this section are equipped with a Supplemental Restraint System (SRS), which uses an air bag. Whenever working near any of the SRS components, such as the impact sensors, the air bag module, steering column and instrument panel, disable the SRS.

  1. Note the radio security code and disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Center the steering wheel.
  4.  
  5. Release the steering wheel position lever and adjust the steering wheel height to its lowest position, then pull the steering wheel out as far as possible and lock in place with the adjustment lever.
  6.  
  7. Turn the steering wheel counterclockwise 1 / 4 turn (90°).
  8.  
  9. Using a suitable flat blade screwdriver, with the blade held horizontally, access the air bag retaining clip through the hole on the backside of the right steering wheel spoke.
  10.  
  11. While holding the handle of the screwdriver downward as far as possible, press the screwdriver toward the air bag.
  12.  
  13. Press the screwdriver upward while pulling on the air bag unit to release it.
  14.  


NOTE
The tip of the screwdriver must grip under the spring to properly release.

  1. Turn the steering wheel clockwise 1 / 2 turn (180°).
  2.  
  3. Repeat the above steps to release the SRS air bag unit from the left side of the steering wheel.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the electrical connection and remove the air bag. Place it in a safe area stored with the inflation module upright (steering wheel side down).
  6.  
  7. Remove the lower steering column switch trim cover.
  8.  
  9. Disconnect the SRS air bag electrical connector.
  10.  
  11. Loosen the steering wheel mounting nut, then center the steering wheel and remove the nut. Slide the steering wheel up but not off of the splined steering column shaft. Using a sharpened chisel, matchmark the steering wheel to steering column.
  12.  
  13. Remove the hex nut.
  14.  
  15. Remove the steering wheel.
  16.  
  17. Installation is in reverse order of removal noting the following:
  18.  

Four spoke steering wheel-to-steering column fastener (install with locking agent):



Multi-point socket head bolt (replace after 5 times): 44 ft. lbs. (60 Nm)
 
Flanged bolt (discontinued): 55 ft. lbs. (75 Nm)
 

Three spoke steering wheel-to-steering column fastener:



Bolt: 55 ft. lbs. (75 Nm)
 

  1. Turn the ignition switch to the ON position BEFORE connecting the negative battery cable.
  2.  

Without Air Bag



  1. Note the radio security code and disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Center the steering wheel.
  4.  
  5. Carefully release the center cover plate.
  6.  
  7. Loosen the steering wheel mounting nut, then center the steering wheel and remove the nut. Slide the steering wheel up but not off of the splined steering column shaft. Using a sharpened chisel, matchmark the steering wheel to steering column.
  8.  
  9. Remove the hex nut.
  10.  
  11. Remove the steering wheel.
  12.  
  13. Installation is in reverse order of removal noting the following:
  14.  

1990-93 Passat models:



Steering wheel-to-steering column hex nut: 30 ft. lbs. (40 Nm)
 

1994-96 Passat models:



Steering wheel-to-steering column hex nut: 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm)
 

 
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