Volkswagen Front Wheel Drive 1974-1989 Repair Guide

Steering Linkage

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



Tie Rod Ends

See Figures 1 and 2

DASHER, FOX AND QUANTUM
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Raise the front of the car, then support it with jackstands. Remove the front wheels.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the outer end of the steering tie rod from the steering knuckle by removing the cotter pin and nut, then pressing out the tie rod end. A small puller or tie rod separator is required to free the tie rod end.
  6.  
  7. Under the hood, pry off the lock plate and remove the mounting bolts from both tie rod inner ends. Pry the tie rod out of the mounting pivot and remove.
  8.  

To install:
  1. If you are replacing an adjustable tie rod, adjust the new tie rod to the same length.
  2.  
  3. Install the tie rod on the mounting pivot. Tighten the pivot bolts to 40 ft. lbs. (54 Nm). Install a new lock plate.
  4.  
  5. Connect the tie rod to the steering knuckle. Tighten the tie rod-to-steering knuckle nut to 22 ft. lbs. (30 Nm). Install a new cotter pin.
  6.  
  7. Install the front wheels, then lower the vehicle. Have the alignment (toe) checked.
  8.  
  9. Connect the battery cable.
  10.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: Removing the nut on the tie rod end



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 2: A puller is used to separate the tie rod end from the steering knuckle

EXCEPT DASHER, FOX AND QUANTUM

On some models, only the right side tie rod end is removable. The entire left tie rod must be replaced if the end joint is worn.

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Raise and safely support the vehicle on jackstands, then center the steering wheel.
  4.  
  5. Remove the wheels.
  6.  
  7. Remove the cotter pin and nut on the tie rod end. Use a ball joint separator/puller to disconnect the tie rod end from the steering knuckle.
  8.  
  9. Mark or measure the length of the right tie rod so it can be installed with the correct toe adjustment.
  10.  
  11. On the right side tie rod, hold the rod with a wrench and loosen the lock nut. Count and record the number of turns required to remove the tie rod end.
  12.  
  13. To remove the left tie rod, disconnect the rubber boot from the end of the steering rack and turn the steering wheel all the way to the right.
  14.  
  15. Loosen the lock nut and unscrew the tie rod from the steering rack.
  16.  

To install:
  1. Make sure each tie rod is the original length before installing. On the right side, thread the rod end into the tie rod the appropriate number of turns, then tighten the lock nut.
  2.  
  3. On the left side tie rod, thread the tie rod into the steering rack, then tighten the lock nut. Connect the rubber boot to the end of the steering rack.
  4.  
  5. Connect the tie rod end into the steering knuckle, then torque the nut to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm). Install a new cotter pin.
  6.  
  7. Install the wheels, then lower the vehicle.
  8.  
  9. Connect the battery cable.
  10.  

 
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