Volvo 240/740/760/780/940/960 1990-1998

Automatic Transmission/Transaxle

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FLUID RECOMMENDATIONS



Dexron III® type Automatic Transmission Fluid (ATF) is recommended for all automatic transmissions/transaxles.

LEVEL CHECK



See Figures 1 and 2

The fluid level should be checked at 10,000 mile (16,000 km) intervals.

  1. Check the transmission fluid level with the vehicle on level ground, with the transmission/transaxle in the Park position, with the engine idling.
  2.  
  3. Remove the dipstick and wipe it clean, using a lint-free rag.
  4.  

The dipstick has graduations for hot and cold transmission/transaxle fluid levels.

  1. Reinstall the dipstick. Remove it and check the dipstick markings.
    1. Cold fluid: At fluid temperatures below 105°F (40°C), the level may be below the MIN mark.
    2.  
    3. Operating temperature: At fluid temperatures above 195°F (90°C), the level may be above the MAX mark.
    4.  

  2.  
  3. Check the condition of the ATF. Discoloration and smell can be caused by heavy engine loads, such as towing. In this case, remove and clean oil pan, oil strainer and magnet. Refer to the Pan and Filter Service procedure later in this section.
  4.  
  5. If topping up is necessary, fill through the dipstick tube.
  6.  



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Fig. Fig. 1: Remove the dipstick from the tube and check the fluid level



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Fig. Fig. 2: The dipstick is marked on both sides; one side is for checking while cold, the other side while hot

DRAIN & REFILL



See Figures 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9


CAUTION
Do not immediately drain the transmission fluid, if the vehicle was recently driven. Oil can be scalding hot.

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Raise and support the vehicle safely.
  4.  
  5. Place a suitable drain pan beneath the transmission/transaxle.
  6.  
  7. Remove the drain plug and drain the fluid.
  8.  
  9. Reinstall the drain plug.
  10.  
  11. Lower the vehicle.
  12.  
  13. Fill the transmission with the proper fluid.
  14.  
  15. Connect the negative battery cable.
  16.  
  17. Firmly apply the parking brake and block the drive wheel. Start the engine and allow it to reach operating temperature. Check for leaks.
  18.  
  19. Move the gear selector lever through all ranges.
  20.  
  21. Wait approximately 2 minutes and check the fluid level with the engine running and the gear selector in the Park position. Adjust the fluid level as required.
  22.  



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Fig. Fig. 3: The drain plug on most Volvo transaxles is loosened with a 22mm wrench



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Fig. Fig. 4: After the drain plug is loose, unscrew it by hand while keeping inward pressure against the plug



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Fig. Fig. 5: Remove the drain plug and let the fluid drain into a suitable container



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Fig. Fig. 6: Inspect the drain plug gasket for cracks; replace if necessary, or a leak could occur



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Fig. Fig. 7: Some drain plugs are magnetic and will attract metallic particles. If the magnet is full, serious problems are likely



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Fig. Fig. 8: With the dipstick removed, install a funnel into the dipstick tube to refill the transmission/transaxle



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Fig. Fig. 9: Pour the proper ATF into the funnel and fill the transmission/transaxle

PAN & FILTER SERVICE



See Figures 10, 11 and 12

Automatic transmissions contain a strainer (filter), but automatic transaxles do not. Removal of the pan is only required for repair. Refer to the preceding drain and refill procedure.


CAUTION
Do not immediately drain the transmission fluid, if the vehicle was recently driven. Oil can be scalding hot.

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Raise and support the vehicle safely.
  4.  
  5. Place a suitable drain pan beneath the transmission.
  6.  
  7. Remove the drain plug and drain the fluid.
  8.  
  9. Install the drain plug.
  10.  

On some models, it may be necessary to remove the dipstick tube from the pan for access.

  1. Unfasten the oil pan retaining bolts and remove the pan.
  2.  
  3. Unfasten the strainer retaining bolts.
  4.  
  5. Remove the strainer from the valve body.
  6.  

To install:
  1. Clean the oil pan and particle magnet(s).
  2.  

According to the manufacturer, the strainer can be cleaned it is recommended to replace with a new one.

  1. Install the replacement strainer onto the valve body and tighten the bolts.
  2.  
  3. Install the particle magnet(s) into the pan.
  4.  
  5. Place a new gasket onto the transmission pan.
  6.  
  7. Place the pan into position on the transmission, and tighten the bolts.
  8.  
  9. If removed, install the dipstick tube.
  10.  
  11. Lower the vehicle.
  12.  
  13. Fill the transmission with the proper fluid.
  14.  
  15. Connect the negative battery cable.
  16.  
  17. Firmly apply the parking brake and block the drive wheel. Start the engine and allow it to reach operating temperature. Check for leaks.
  18.  
  19. Move the gear selector lever through all ranges.
  20.  
  21. Wait approximately 2 minutes and check the fluid level in Park position. Adjust as required.
  22.  



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Fig. Fig. 10: Remove the drain plug and allow the transmission fluid to drain



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Fig. Fig. 11: Remove the transmission pan, particle magnet(s) and strainer



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Fig. Fig. 12: Install the replacement strainer, particle magnet(s) and pan, along with the dipstick tube, if removed

 
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