See Figure 1
Check the suspension and driveline every 10,000 miles (16,000 km) intervals. Use regular chassis lube on applicable joints if binding is noticed.
Ball joints, suspension bushings and driveline joints are permanently lubricated at the factory and require no periodic lubrication. However, check the rubber seals of these parts for cracking or damage. Replace any damaged seal with a new one, making sure to pack the new seal with multipurpose chassis grease. Many aftermarket parts used to replace these components will contain a provision for lubrication. The easiest way to determine if a component can be lubricated is to look for a grease (Zerk®) fitting.
On most models the steering stops require lubricating or a noise will be heard when the vehicle is turned all the way in either direction. To grease the stops, simply spread some a multi-purpose grease, usually bearing grease over the surface.
- Raise and support the vehicle safely.
- Locate all grease fittings on the vehicle. They are usually located on the at ball joints, suspension bushings and universal joints.
Some grease fittings may be obscured by road dirt or grease from an over zealous chassis lubrication.
- Inspect the boot or seal for damage and replace as necessary. It is useless to attempt filling a damaged boot with grease as it will probably leak out.
- Remove the grease fitting cap.
- Clean the area around the grease fitting with a rag.
- Connect a grease gun to the fitting and pump grease into the joint until the boot or seal swells slightly. On a well maintained vehicle, this should be no more than 3-4 pumps.
Do not overfill the component with grease. If grease exits the boot or seal, it is overfill.
- Remove the grease gun and install the grease fitting cap.
- Lower the vehicle.