Volvo 240/740/760/780/940/960 1990-1998

Coil Spring

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



Except 850, 960 Sedan and 1998 Models

CAUTION
A coil spring compressor is required to remove the spring. Improper removal procedures may cause serious injury.

  1. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  2.  
  3. Remove the rear wheels.
  4.  
  5. Place a hydraulic jack beneath the rear axle housing and raise the housing sufficiently to compress the spring.
  6.  
  7. Install the spring compressor and tighten. Make sure there are at least 3 coils of spring between the attachment points of the compressor.
  8.  
  9. Loosen the nuts for the upper and lower spring attachments.
  10.  
  11. Disconnect the shock absorber at the upper attachment.
  12.  
  13. Lower the jack enough to remove the spring.
  14.  

To install:
  1. Make sure the coil spring is compressed.
  2.  
  3. Position the retaining bolt and inner washer for the upper attachment inside the spring.
  4.  
  5. While holding the outer washer and rubber spacer to the upper body attachment, install the spring and inner washer to the upper attachment sandwiching the rubber spacer.
  6.  
  7. Tighten the retaining bolt to 35 ft. lbs. (48 Nm).
  8.  
  9. Raise the jack and secure the bottom of the spring to the lower attachment with the washer and retaining bolt tightened to 63 ft. lbs. (85 Nm).
  10.  
  11. Slowly remove the spring compressor.
  12.  
  13. Connect the shock absorber to its upper attachment.
  14.  
  15. Install the wheels.
  16.  
  17. Lower the vehicle.
  18.  

1992-94 960 Sedan

To properly remove and install the rear coil springs, the rear support arm assembly must be removed.

  1. Raise and support the vehicle safely.
  2.  
  3. Remove the rear wheels and support the arm guards.
  4.  
  5. Remove the retaining bolts at the front and rear of the support arm.
  6.  
  7. Separate the rear end of the support arm from the wheel bearing housing.
  8.  
  9. Place a jack with fixture 5972 or equivalent under the support arm and raise into place.
  10.  
  11. Remove the retaining bolts at the top of the shock and lower the support arm complete with the spring and shock.
  12.  

To install:
  1. Lift the assembly into place and tighten the upper damper bolt to 62 ft. lbs. (85 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Replace the mounting bolt and nut at the front of the support arm. Tighten the large nut to 51 ft. lbs. (70 Nm), plus 90 degrees of rotation. Tighten the other bolts to 35 ft. lbs. (48 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Tap the support arm in at the rear and tighten the bolt to 44 ft. lbs. (60 Nm), plus 90 degrees rotation.
  6.  
  7. Replace the control arm guard.
  8.  
  9. Install the wheels.
  10.  
  11. Lower the vehicle.
  12.  

850, C70, S70, and V70 Series Except AWD

See Figures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7

  1. Raise and safely support vehicle.
  2.  
  3. Remove the wheels.
  4.  
  5. Use a jack to press the trailing arm up to unload the shock absorber.
  6.  
  7. Remove the shock lower mount bolt and pull the shock off of its mount,
  8.  
  9. Lower the jack and remove the spring mounting nut.
  10.  
  11. Remove the spring from the car.
  12.  

To install:
  1. Transfer the rubber spring spacer and lower mount if installing a new spring.
  2.  
  3. Install the spring in the trailing arm recess and center the mount washer guide pin in the hole.
  4.  
  5. Install a new nut and tighten it to 30 ft. lbs. (40 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Position the jack under the trailing and lift it up.
  8.  
  9. Install the shock on the lower mount, making sure that the spring is correctly seated in the upper mount.
  10.  
  11. Tighten the shock nut to 59 ft. lbs. (80 Nm).
  12.  
  13. Install the wheels.
  14.  
  15. Lower the car.
  16.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: Support the bottom of the spring perch or the trailing arm before disconnecting the shock absorber



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 2: Remove the shock absorber lower mount retaining nut



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Fig. Fig. 3: Make sure the washer does not stick to the shock absorber after the shock is removed



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 4: Pull the shock absorber off of the lower mount



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 5: Remove the spring retaining nut



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 6: Carefully lower the support device and remove the spring from the vehicle



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 7: Make sure you transfer the shock spacer if you are replacing the spring

V70 AWD Models
  1. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  2.  
  3. Press lower control arm using jack or suitable tool to unload the pressure.
  4.  
  5. Remove the rear shocks.
  6.  
  7. Remove the sway bar.
  8.  
  9. Remove the control arm inner and outer mounting nuts.
  10.  
  11. Using a suitable tool, knock the mounting bolts out.
  12.  
  13. Remove the front support arm bolts.
  14.  
  15. Remove the jacking point.
  16.  
  17. Lower the control arm to release the support arm and bracket.
  18.  
  19. Install the jacking point to protect the brake lines.
  20.  
  21. Lower the control arm until spring is fully relieved of pressure, and remove the spring.
  22.  

To install:
  1. Replce the spring rubber inserts if worn.
  2.  
  3. Install the spring in the control arm.
  4.  
  5. Raise the control arm up slightly.
  6.  
  7. Remove the jacking point.
  8.  
  9. Raise the control arm all the way and install the support arm bracket, tighten the bolts to 48 ft. lbs. (65 Nm).
  10.  
  11. Install the jacking point, tighten the bolt to 78 ft. lbs. (105 Nm).
  12.  
  13. Install the outer and inner control arm mounting bolts, tighten the nuts to 59 ft. lbs. (80 Nm).
  14.  
  15. Install the sway bar.
  16.  
  17. Install the shocks.
  18.  
  19. Remove the jack from under the control arm.
  20.  
  21. Lower the vehicle.
  22.  

 
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