Volvo 240/740/760/780/940/960 1990-1998

Wheel Bearings

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ADJUSTMENT



The rear wheel bearings are sealed, pressed-in units, and no adjustment is possible.

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



Except 850, 960 Sedan and 1998 Models
  1. With the vehicle sitting on all four wheels, loosen the rear axle nut.
  2.  
  3. Raise and support the vehicle safely. Do not allow the lifting arms to interfere with the support arms.
  4.  
  5. Remove the wheels.
  6.  
  7. Remove the brake caliper and use a piece of wire to hang the caliper out of the way.
  8.  
  9. Remove the brake disc and parking brake shoes.
  10.  
  11. Disconnect and remove the parking brake cable from the wheel bearing housing.
  12.  
  13. Remove the retaining bolt for the support arm at the housing. Tap the support arm loose.
  14.  
  15. Remove the nut and bolt holding the lower link arm to the housing.
  16.  
  17. Remove the retaining bolt for the track rod at the bearing housing and use a small claw-type puller to remove the track rod.
  18.  
  19. Remove the axle nut.
  20.  
  21. Remove the retaining nut for the upper link at the bearing housing. The wheel bearing housing can now be removed as a unit.
  22.  

There are shims between the bearing housing and the upper link arm. Collect them when the housing is removed.

  1. Mount the housing assembly in a vise.
  2.  
  3. Place counterhold tool 5340 or equivalent between the hub and bearing housing. Press out the hub with a proper sized drift
  4.  
  5. Remove the circlip retaining the bearing in the wheel bearing housing and press the bearing out. Press against the inner race.
  6.  
  7. Use bearing puller 2722 or equivalent to pull the inner race off the hub.
  8.  

To install:
  1. Press the new bearing into the housing. Make sure the press tool contacts only the outer bearing race or the bearing will be damaged. Install the circlip.
  2.  
  3. Support the inner race and press the hub into the bearing. If the inner race is not properly supported, the bearing will be damaged.
  4.  
  5. Install the wheel bearing housing onto the housing and install the axle nut hand-tight.
  6.  
  7. Install the shims between the upper link and the wheel bearing housing and then install the retaining nut at the upper link.
  8.  
  9. Pull the wheel bearing housing outwards at the top and tighten the upper link arm nut to 85 ft. lbs. (110 Nm). This is essential to insure correct wheel alignment when completed.
  10.  
  11. Tilt the bearing housing outwards at the bottom as necessary to refit the lower link arm and its retaining bolt. When in place, pull the bottom of the bearing housing in towards the center of the vehicle and tighten the link arm to 36 ft. lbs. (47 Nm) plus an additional 90 degrees of rotation.
  12.  
  13. Install the support arm and its bolt.
  14.  
  15. Install the track rod and tighten to 63 ft. lbs. (82 Nm).
  16.  
  17. Reinstall the parking brake cable at the bearing housing.
  18.  
  19. Reinstall the parking brake shoes, the brake disc as marked and the brake caliper.
  20.  
  21. Install the wheels.
  22.  
  23. Lower the vehicle.
  24.  
  25. With all four wheels on the ground, tighten the axle nut to 103 ft. lbs. (134 Nm) plus an additional 60 degrees of rotation.
  26.  

1990-94 940 and 960
  1. With the vehicle sitting on all four wheels, loosen the rear axle nut.
  2.  
  3. Raise and support the vehicle safely. Do not allow the rear lifting arms to interfere with the support arms.
  4.  
  5. Remove the wheels.
  6.  
  7. Remove the brake caliper and use a piece of wire to hang the caliper out of the way.
  8.  
  9. Mark the position of the brake disc relative to its small locating pin, then remove the disc. Remove the brake shoes.
  10.  
  11. Disconnect and remove the parking brake cable from the wheel bearing housing.
  12.  
  13. Remove the retaining bolt for the support arm at the housing. Tap the support arm loose.
  14.  
  15. Remove the nut and bolt holding the lower link arm to the housing.
  16.  
  17. Remove the retaining bolt for the track rod at the bearing housing and use a small claw-type puller to remove the track rod.
  18.  
  19. Remove the axle nut.
  20.  
  21. Remove the retaining nut for the upper link at the bearing housing. The wheel bearing housing can now be removed unit.
  22.  

There are shims between the bearing housing and the upper link arm. Collect them when the housing is removed.

  1. Mount the housing assembly in a vise.
  2.  
  3. Place a counterhold tool 5340 or equivalent between the hub and bearing housing. Press out the hub with a proper sized drift
  4.  
  5. Remove the circlip retaining the bearing in the wheel bearing housing and press the bearing out. Press against the inner race.
  6.  
  7. Use a bearing puller 2722 or equivalent to pull the inner race off the hub.
  8.  

To install:
  1. Press the new bearing into the bearing housing. Make sure the press tool contacts only the outer bearing race or the bearing will be damaged. Install the circlip.
  2.  
  3. Support the inner race and press the hub into the bearing. If the inner race is not properly supported, the bearing will be damaged.
  4.  
  5. Install the wheel bearing housing onto the halfshaft and install the axle nut hand-tight.
  6.  
  7. Install the shims between the upper link and the wheel bearing housing and then install the retaining nut at the upper link.
  8.  
  9. Pull the wheel bearing housing outwards at the top and tighten the upper link arm nut to 85 ft. lbs. (116 Nm). This is essential to insure correct wheel alignment when completed.
  10.  
  11. Tilt the bearing housing outwards at the bottom as necessary to refit the lower link arm and retaining bolt. When in place, pull the bottom of the bearing housing in towards the center of the vehicle and tighten the link arm to 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm) plus an additional 90 degrees of rotation.
  12.  
  13. Install the support arm and bolt. Tighten the nut to 44 ft. lbs. (60 Nm) plus an additional 90 degrees of rotation.
  14.  
  15. Install the track rod and tighten to 63 ft. lbs. (86 Nm).
  16.  
  17. Reinstall the parking brake cable at the bearing housing.
  18.  
  19. Reinstall the brake shoes, the brake disc as marked and the brake caliper.
  20.  
  21. Install the wheels.
  22.  
  23. Lower the vehicle.
  24.  
  25. With all four wheels on the ground, tighten the axle nut to 103 ft. lbs. (140 Nm) plus an additional 60 degrees of rotation.
  26.  

1995-98 960/S90 Sedan and AWD V70 Series Models
  1. With the vehicle sitting on all four wheels, loosen the rear axle nut.
  2.  
  3. Raise and safely support vehicle. Position a lift or jackstands so they do not interfere with the suspension arms. Remove the wheel.
  4.  
  5. Use tool 999 5577 or equivalent to compress the suspension slightly against the spring.
  6.  
  7. Remove the damper bolt and pull the damper from the support arm.
  8.  
  9. Remove the anti-sway bolts in both of the support arms.
  10.  
  11. Raise the suspension up into normal position.
  12.  
  13. Remove the axle shaft nut.
  14.  
  15. Remove the brake caliper and support it safely out of the way.
  16.  
  17. Mark the position of the brake disc and remove the disc.
  18.  
  19. Remove the parking brake shoes and disconnect the adjuster from the parking brake cable.
  20.  
  21. Disconnect the parking brake cable from the wheel bearing housing and remove the nut for the upper link bushing.
  22.  
  23. Tap the bushing bolt free of the wheel bearing housing.
  24.  
  25. Remove the bolt to the track rod and separate the rod from the wheel bearing housing.
  26.  
  27. Remove the support arm bolt and tap if free of the bushing.
  28.  
  29. Remove the link nut and tap the bolt out using a brass drift
  30.  
  31. Remove the wheel bearing housing.
  32.  

The bearing must be replaced any time the hub is pressed out.

  1. Position the wheel bearing housing in a press so the hub can be pressed out. Using an appropriate sized drift, press the hub off.
  2.  
  3. Remove the circlip holding the bearing in the housing and press the bearing out.
  4.  
  5. Position the drift in the inner bearing race. Using the puller 999 2722 and counter hold 999 5310, or their equivalents, pull the inner race out of the hub.
  6.  

To install:
  1. Properly support the bearing housing and press the new bearing in. Make sure the press tool contacts only the outer bearing race or the bearing will be damaged. Install the circlip.
  2.  
  3. Support the inner bearing race on the press table and press the hub into the bearing. Make sure the inner bearing race is supported or the bearing will be damaged.
  4.  
  5. Fit the wheel bearing housing to the upper link and driveshaft Then install all the nuts and bolts before tightening any of them. Tighten the nut for the upper link to 85 ft. lbs. (115 Nm) and all others to 63 ft. lbs. (80 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Connect the parking brake cable to the wheel bearing housing and fasten with clip.
  8.  
  9. Install the adjuster for the cable with arrow on the upper side pointing up.
  10.  
  11. Install the parking brake shoes, retainers, and spring.
  12.  
  13. Install the brake disc.
  14.  
  15. Install a new axle nut but do not tighten it yet.
  16.  
  17. Install the brake caliper using new bolts.
  18.  
  19. Install new anti-sway bolts on both sides, but do not tighten them fully.
  20.  
  21. Clean the face of the brake disc and the back side of the wheel where the two mate. Lubricate the guide pin with rustproofing compound.
  22.  
  23. Install the wheels.
  24.  
  25. Lower the car.
  26.  
  27. Tighten the anti-sway bar bolts on both sides to 63 ft. lbs. (80 Nm).
  28.  
  29. With all four wheels on the ground, tighten the axle nut to 130 ft. lbs. (140 Nm) plus an additional 60°.
  30.  

 
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