Volvo Cars 1999-05

Removal & Installation

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  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Separate the steering gear from the steering column by lifting the floor carpet below the steering column and remove the pinion shaft bolt.
  4.  
  5. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Right front wheel
     
    Lower ball joints
     
    Center cross member
     
    Front exhaust pipe
     
    Rear engine mount
     
    Heat deflector plate
     
    Steering gear left mounting bracket
     
    Power steering hoses
     
    Steering gear right mounting bracket
     

  6.  
  7. Slide the steering gear housing to the right and lower the assembly to remove.
  8.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Steering gear
     
    Steering gear right mounting bracket and tighten the bolts to 51 ft. lbs. (69 Nm)
     
    Power steering hoses with new O-rings
     
    Steering gear left mounting bracket and tighten the bolts to 51 ft. lbs. (69 Nm)
     
    Heat deflector plate and tighten to 88 inch lbs. (10 Nm)
     
    Front exhaust pipe
     
    Right front wheel
     
    Pinion shaft
     

  2.  

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions in the beginning of the section.
  2.  


NOTE
Ensure the steering wheel is set to -straight ahead- position and remove the key so the steering wheel lock engages.

  1. Remove the left front wheel and measure and record the length of the tie rod in relation to the steering gear housing.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Driver-s side soundproofing panel
     
    Left front wheel
     
    Steering shaft from the steering gear
     
    Sub-frame
     
    Powering steering hoses from the steering gear
     

  4.  
  5. Slacken off the nut for the outer steering arm. Press the steering arm out of the wheel spindle using special tool 951-2945 or equivalent.
  6.  
  7. Remove the steering gear.
  8.  


    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Pull the steering arm from the wheel spindle.

    Pull the steering arm from the wheel spindle.

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Steering gear
     
    Outer steering arm, tighten nuts to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm)
     
    Power steering hoses using new O-rings
     
    Sub-frame
     
    Steering shaft to the steering gear
     
    Wheel
     
    Soundproofing panel
     

  2.  
  3. Fill and bleed the power steering system.
  4.  

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
  2.  


NOTE
Do not turn the front wheels so that the steering gear position is changed. The SRS-system contact reel can be damaged.

  1. Raise and support the engine.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Front wheels
     
    SRS connector, if equipped Disconnect the connector cable from the clips along the ABS cable. Push down the connector and cable to the steering gear.
     
    Outer tie rod ends
     
    Splash guard
     
    Exhaust pipe bracket
     

  4.  
  5. Support the subframe with a jack
  6.  
  7. Remove the side and rear subframe bolts and loosen the front subframe bolts.
  8.  
  9. Remove the heated oxygen (HO2S) sensor bracket, 6-cylinder engines only
  10.  
  11. Lower the rear edge of the sub-frame approximately 3.5 inches (90 mm). Ensure that the steering gear screws are released from the sub-frame.
  12.  
  13. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Rear engine mount
     
    Power steering hoses
     
    Steering shaft coupler
     

  14.  
  15. Slide the steering gear to the left and lower the assembly to remove.
  16.  

To install:

  1. Slide the steering gear in from the left hand side.
  2.  
  3. Install or connect the following:

    Power steering hoses using new O-rings.
     
    Steering shaft coupler and tighten to 15 ft. lbs. (20 Nm)
     
    Rear engine mount and tighten to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm)
     
    Subframe. Use new bolts and tighten them to 77 ft. lbs. (105 Nm) plus 120 degrees.
     
    Subframe brackets and tighten to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm)
     
    Heated oxygen (HO2S) sensor bracket, 6-cylinder engines only
     
    Exhaust pipe bracket and tighten to 18 ft. lbs. (25 Nm)
     
    Outer tie rod ends
     
    Splash guards
     
    SRS connector, if equipped
     
    Front wheels
     

  4.  

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions in the beginning of this section.
  2.  
  3. Install a support fixture to the engine lifting eyes.
  4.  
  5. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable
     
    Front wheels
     
    Outer tie rod ends
     
    Splash guards
     
    Power steering hose brackets
     
    Steering gear mounting nuts
     
    Subframe brackets
     

  6.  
  7. Support the subframe with a jack.
  8.  
  9. Loosen the front subframe bolts and remove the rear subframe bolts.
  10.  
  11. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Power steering hoses
     
    Steering shaft coupler
     
    Steering gear
     

  12.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Steering gear
     
    Steering shaft coupler and tighten the bolt to 15 ft. lbs. (20 Nm)
     
    Power steering hoses
     
    Subframe. Use new bolts and tighten them to 77 ft. lbs. (105 Nm) plus 120 degrees.
     
    Subframe brackets and tighten the bolts to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm)
     
    Steering gear mounting nuts. Use new nuts and tighten them to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm).
     
    Power steering hose brackets
     
    Splash guards
     
    Outer tie rod ends
     
    Front wheels
     
    Negative battery cable
     

  2.  
  3. Fill the power steering fluid reservoir with fluid.
  4.  
  5. Check the wheel alignment and adjust as necessary.
  6.  

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Install a support fixture to the engine lifting eyes.
  4.  
  5. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable
     
    Front wheels
     
    Outer tie rod ends
     
    Splash guards
     
    Power steering hose brackets
     
    Steering gear mounting nuts
     
    Subframe brackets
     

  6.  
  7. Support the subframe with a jack.
  8.  
  9. Loosen the front subframe bolts and remove the rear subframe bolts.
  10.  
  11. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Power steering hoses
     
    Steering shaft coupler
     
    Steering gear
     

  12.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Steering gear
     
    Steering shaft coupler and tighten the bolt to 15 ft. lbs. (20 Nm)
     
    Power steering hoses
     
    Subframe. Use new bolts and tighten them to 77 ft. lbs. (105 Nm) plus 120°.
     
    Subframe brackets and tighten the bolts to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm)
     
    Steering gear mounting nuts. Use new nuts and tighten them to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm).
     
    Power steering hose brackets
     
    Splash guards
     
    Outer tie rod ends
     
    Front wheels
     
    Negative battery cable
     

  2.  
  3. Fill the power steering fluid reservoir with fluid.
  4.  
  5. Check the wheel alignment and adjust as necessary.
  6.  

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
  2.  
  3. Separate the steering gear from the steering column by lifting the floor carpet below the steering column and remove the pinion shaft bolt.
  4.  
  5. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Right front wheel
     
    Lower ball joints
     
    Center cross member
     
    Front exhaust pipe
     
    Rear engine mount
     
    Heat deflector plate
     
    Steering gear left mounting bracket
     
    Power steering hoses
     
    Steering gear right mounting bracket
     

  6.  
  7. Slide the steering gear housing to the right and lower the assembly to remove.
  8.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Steering gear
     
    Steering gear right mounting bracket and tighten the bolts to 51 ft. lbs. (69 Nm)
     
    Power steering hoses with new O-rings
     
    Steering gear left mounting bracket and tighten the bolts to 51 ft. lbs. (69 Nm)
     
    Heat deflector plate and tighten to 88 inch lbs. (10 Nm)
     
    Front exhaust pipe
     
    Right front wheel
     
    Pinion shaft
     

  2.  

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions in the beginning of the section.
    NOTE
    Ensure the steering wheel is set to -straight ahead- position and remove the key so the steering wheel lock engages.

  2.  
  3. Remove the left front wheel and measure and record the length of the tie rod in relation to the steering gear housing.
  4.  
  5. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Left side soundproofing panel
     
    Left front wheel
     
    Steering shaft from the steering gear
     
    Sub-frame
     
    Powering steering hoses from the steering gear
     

  6.  
  7. Slacken off the nut for the outer steering arm. Press the steering arm out of the wheel spindle using special tool 951-2945 or equivalent.
  8.  
  9. Remove the steering gear.

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Pull the steering arm from the wheel spindle.

    Pull the steering arm from the wheel spindle.
  10.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Steering gear
     
    Outer steering arm, tighten nuts to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm)
     
    Power steering hoses using new O-rings
     
    Sub-frame
     
    Steering shaft to the steering gear
     
    Wheel
     
    Soundproofing panel
     

  2.  
  3. Fill and bleed the power steering system.
  4.  

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
    NOTE
    Do not turn the front wheels so that the steering gear position is changed. The SRS-system contact reel can be damaged.

  2.  
  3. Raise and support the engine.
  4.  
  5. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Front wheels
     
    SRS connector, if equipped Disconnect the connector cable from the clips along the ABS cable. Push down the connector and cable to the steering gear.
     
    Outer tie rod ends
     
    Splash guard
     
    Exhaust pipe bracket
     

  6.  
  7. Support the subframe with a jack
  8.  
  9. Remove the side and rear subframe bolts and loosen the front subframe bolts.
  10.  
  11. Remove the heated oxygen (HO 2 S) sensor bracket, 6-cylinder engines only
  12.  
  13. Lower the rear edge of the sub-frame approximately 3.5 inches (90mm). Ensure that the steering gear bolts are released from the sub-frame.
  14.  
  15. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Rear engine mount
     
    Power steering hoses
     
    Steering shaft coupler
     

  16.  
  17. Slide the steering gear to the left and lower the assembly to remove.
  18.  

To install:

  1. Slide the steering gear in from the left hand side.
  2.  
  3. Install or connect the following:

    Power steering hoses using new O-rings.
     
    Steering shaft coupler and tighten to 15 ft. lbs. (20 Nm)
     
    Rear engine mount and tighten to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm)
     
    Subframe. Use new bolts and tighten them to 77 ft. lbs. (105 Nm) plus 120°.
     
    Subframe brackets and tighten to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm)
     
    Heated oxygen (HO 2 S) sensor bracket, 6-cylinder engines only
     
    Exhaust pipe bracket and tighten to 18 ft. lbs. (25 Nm)
     
    Outer tie rod ends
     
    Splash guards
     
    SRS connector, if equipped
     
    Front wheels
     

  4.  

 
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