Volvo Coupes/Sedans/Wagons 1970-1989 Repair Guide

Power Steering Pump

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FLUID RECOMMENDATION AND LEVEL CHECK



See Figures 1 and 2



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Fig. Fig. 1: Check the power steering fluid with the dipstick under the cap. Some models utilize a translucent reservoir



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Fig. Fig. 2: Add power steering fluid if necessary until it reaches the MAX mark

142, 144, 145, and 164 Models

Check the power steering reservoir fluid level at least twice a year. With the engine shut off the fluid level should appear approximately 1 / 4 in. above the level mark inside the reservoir. Top up as necessary with Type A automatic transmission fluid or Dexron®II. Top up the system only with engine off to prevent air from being sucked into the system.

If necessary, bleed the air out of the system according to the instructions given in Suspension & Steering .

200 and 700 Series Models

See Figures 3, 4, 5 and 6

Check the power steering reservoir fluid level at least twice a year. On the 240 series (242, 244 and 245 models) through 1976, check the oil level with the engine running. Level should be at the level mark on the inside of the reservoir. The oil level will rise when the engine is stopped.



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Fig. Fig. 3: To check the power steering fluid level, turn the cap counterclockwise, then remove and read the attached dipstick



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Fig. Fig. 4: If the engine is not up to operating temperature, use the "COLD" level mark on the dipstick-if unsure, let the engine warm up and check it when hot

On all other models, the fluid level is checked with the engine running and the fluid hot (after driving). The fluid level should be between the MAX and MIN marks which are located either on the side of the translucent plastic reservoir or on the dipstick attached to the filler cap. Add automatic transmission fluid, Type A, F, or G as necessary. If necessary, bleed the air out of the system according to the instructions given in Suspension & Steering .



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Fig. Fig. 5: If the engine was running long enough to reach full operating temperature, use the dipstick's "HOT" marking when checking the fluid level

It should be noted that the power steering fluid is never drained and replaced as a maintenance procedure. If you are constantly adding fluid, the system is leaking somewhere and requires prompt attention.



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Fig. Fig. 6: Add power steering fluid as necessary using a clean funnel-add the fluid incrementally to avoid overfilling the reservoir

 
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