Volvo Coupes/Sedans/Wagons 1970-1989 Repair Guide

Coil Springs

Print

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



140, 160 and 200 Series

See Figures 1 and 2


CAUTION
The use of the correct special tools or their equivalent is REQUIRED for this procedure. To remove the spring, a coil spring compressor must be used. Under no circumstances should you attempt to remove the spring without the proper spring compressor. Serious injury could result.



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: Loosen the fasteners from beneath (shown) and above the spring



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 2: Remove the lower hardware as shown

  1. Raise and safely support the rear of the vehicle. Remove the rear wheel.
  2.  
  3. Place a hydraulic jack beneath the rear axle housing and raise the housing sufficiently to compress the spring. Install the spring compressor and tighten it to hold the spring in its compressed position. Make sure there are at least three coils of spring between the attachment points of the compressor. Loosen the nuts for the upper and lower spring attachments.
  4.  


CAUTION
The spring is compressed under several hundred pounds of pressure! When it is freed from its lower attachment, it will attempt to suddenly return to its extended position. It is therefore imperative that the axle housing be lowered with extreme care until the spring is extended. As an added safety measure, a chain may be attached to the lower spring coil and secured to the axle housing.

  1. Disconnect the shock absorber at its upper attachment. Carefully lower the jack and axle housing until the spring is extended. Remove the spring.
  2.  

To install:
  1. Position the retaining bolt and inner washer for the upper attachment inside the spring. While holding the outer washer and rubber spacer to the upper body attachment, install the spring and inner washer to the upper attachment (sandwiching the rubber spacer). Tighten the retaining bolt.
  2.  
  3. Raise the jack and secure the bottom of the spring to its lower attachment with the washer and retaining bolt. Slowly remove the spring compressor.
  4.  
  5. Connect the shock absorber to its upper attachment. Install the wheel.
  6.  
  7. Remove the jackstands and lower the car. Tighten the lug nuts to 85-90 ft. lbs. (115-122 Nm) and install the hub cap.
  8.  

1800 Series
  1. Remove the hub cap and loosen the lug nuts two or three turns. Place blocks in front of the front wheels. Jack up the rear of the car and place jackstands in front of the rear jacking points.
  2.  
  3. Remove the wheel and release the parking brake.
  4.  
  5. Place a hydraulic jack beneath the rear axle housing and raise the jack and axle housing sufficiently to unload the downward travel limiter (shock absorber band). Install the spring compressor and tighten it enough to hold the spring in a partially compressed position.
  6.  
  7. Disconnect the shock absorber at its lower attachment. Also disconnect the suspension travel limiter (shock absorber band) at its upper attachment.
  8.  


CAUTION
Do not attempt to remove the spring until it is extended. As an added safety measure, a chain may be attached to the lower spring coil and secured to the axle housing.

  1. Carefully lower the jack and axle housing until the spring is extended. Remove the spring and rubber spacer.
  2.  

To install:
  1. Fit the rubber spacer to the top of the spring and position the spring into it upper attachment. Secure the bottom of the spring into its lower attachment, making sure that the rubber cushion on the axle housing is positioned correctly.
  2.  
  3. Raise the jack sufficiently so that the shock absorber may be connected to its lower attachment. Connect the suspension travel limiter to its upper attachment. Slowly remove the spring compressor.
  4.  
  5. Install the wheel and tire assembly. Remove the jackstands and lower the car. Tighten the lug nuts to 85-90 ft. lbs. (115-122 Nm), and install the hub cap.
  6.  

700 Series Except Multi-link Suspension

See Figure 3

  1. Loosen the lug nuts two or three turns. Place blocks in front of the front wheels. Jack up the rear of the car and place jackstands in front of the rear jacking points.
  2.  
  3. Remove the wheel. Remove the rear caliper and support it out of the way with a piece of wire. Do not allow it to hang by its hose.
  4.  
  5. Place a jack under the rear axle and elevate the axle just enough to take the tension off the lower shock absorber mount.
  6.  
  7. As a safety precaution, install a spring compressor on the spring and tighten it enough to hold it in a partially compressed position. Loosen and remove the lower shock absorber bolt.
  8.  
  9. Lower the rear axle to unload the spring. Remove the upper bolt, washers and rubber spacer. Remove the spring.
  10.  

To install:
  1. Fit the rubber spacer and washer to the new spring. Make sure that the recess in the spacer is properly seated.
  2.  
  3. Press and secure the lower washer to the rubber spacer.
  4.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 3: Make sure the lower washer is secure against the upper spacer-700 series

  1. Attach the spring to the upper mount. Tighten the nut to 35 ft. lbs. (47 Nm). Position the spring in the lower (trailing) arm.
  2.  
  3. Raise the rear axle with the jack and install the lower shock absorber bolt. Tighten it to 63 ft. lbs. (85 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Use new mounting bolts and install the rear brake caliper. Tighten the mounting bolts to 43 ft. lbs. (58 Nm), then install the wheel and lower the car to the ground. Final tighten the lugs to 63 ft. lbs. (85 Nm).
  6.  

 
label.common.footer.alt.autozoneLogo