Volvo Coupes/Sedans/Wagons 1970-1989 Repair Guide

Vehicle Type Designation and Chassis Number

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See Figures 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

The vehicle model type (1800, 142, 144, 145, 164, 240, 242, 244, 245, 262, 264, 265, 740, 760 or 780) and chassis number appear at several locations on every Volvo. For purposes of this guide, models sold in the early 1980s without number designation (ex: DL, GLT, Coupe) are considered members of the 200 Series of vehicles. The type designation and chassis number is stamped on the front door pillar on the right side of the car. Additionally, the numbers are stamped on a plate which is mounted under the hood on the right shock absorber tower.



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Fig. Fig. 1: Sample Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)-cars built before 1981



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Fig. Fig. 2: Vehicle identification and serial number information-1981 and newer models

For example, the vehicle type designation and chassis number may appear as VC 24445 L 1275965. The VC represents the manufacturer's code. Of the 24445, the first three digits, 244, indicate the model type (family is 240, model has 4 doors), while the last two digits indicate engine type and if the engine is fuel injected or uses a carburetor. The letter code indicates model year (in this case, "L" equals 1978), and the number following the letter code indicates location of the manufacturing plant that made this particular car. The final one to six digits comprise the vehicle's chassis number.

On models 1981 and newer, the U.S. standard 17 digit Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) is used. This number is most easily found on a plate mounted on the left side of the dashboard and visible through the windshield from the outside of the car. Again, it may also be found on the plate mounted on the right shock absorber tower.



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Fig. Fig. 3: The 17-digit VIN code on this 1985 model can be seen through the windshield on the driver's side



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Fig. Fig. 4: The VIN code is also stamped on a plate mounted on the right shock absorber tower

It should be noted that although both styles of vehicle number (1970-80 and 1981-89) contain a letter code for model year, the codes are different before and after the 1980-81 change. For example, prior to 1981, the letter H denoted a 1977 model. In the longer, 17 digit VIN, H denotes a 1987 model. 1988 models are denoted by a J, and 1989 models by a K, as the letter I is not used.



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Fig. Fig. 5: The VIN code is also printed along with other vital information of the right side door pillar

 
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