Volvo Coupes/Sedans/Wagons 1970-1989 Repair Guide

Steering Column Upper Shaft

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



1800 Series

See Figure 1

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable. Remove the clamping bolt at the base of the column.
  2.  
  3. Remove the steering wheel. Remove the flange, the turn signal switch, the spring and the bearing seat.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the lock ring (circlip) and pull down the spring and lower bearing seat.
  6.  



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Fig. Fig. 1: Details of the steering column (and legend)-1800 series

  1. Pull the column out of the casing. Use the steering wheel to help you pull.
  2.  

To install:
  1. Insert the column in the casing and make sure the parts of the lower bearing are in place.
  2.  
  3. Run the horn cable into position. Push the steering column into position in the flange (at the lower joint) and install the clamping bolt and lock ring.
  4.  
  5. At the upper end, replace the bearing seat and spring, the flange and the turn signal switch.
  6.  
  7. Reinstall the steering wheel and check the function of the steering column lock. Reconnect the battery cable and check the function of the turn signals.
  8.  

100 Series

See Figure 2

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 2: Details of the steering column (and legend)-1800 series

  1. Remove the steering wheel. Remove the flange, the turn signal switch, the spring and the bearing seat.
  2.  
  3. Separate the sleeve (holding the upper and lower columns) located near the floor.
  4.  
  5. Pull the column free of the casing.
  6.  

  1. When assembling, insert the steering shaft and position it in the sleeve. Tighten the sleeve nut to 30 ft. lbs. (41 Nm), then bend the lock tab into one of the slots.
  2.  
  3. At the upper end, replace the bearing seat and spring, the flange and the turn signal switch.
  4.  
  5. Reinstall the steering wheel and check the function of the steering column lock. Reconnect the battery cable and check the function of the turn signals.
  6.  

200 Series

See Figures 3, 4, 5 and 6

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Under the hood, remove the clamping bolt at the shaft joint.
  4.  
  5. Remove the steering wheel.
  6.  
  7. Remove the plastic column covers.
  8.  
  9. Disconnect the wiring and remove the turn signal and wiper controls.
  10.  
  11. Remove the housing which holds the switches. Remove the spring and race for the upper bearing.
  12.  
  13. Find the two bolts for the steering lock. They will not have heads on them. Drill holes exactly in the center of the bolts and use a screw extractor to remove the bolts.
  14.  



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Fig. Fig. 3: With the steering wheel removed, next unscrew the lower and the upper halves of the plastic steering column cover



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Fig. Fig. 4: Set the covers aside, then disconnect the turn signal and wiper controls

  1. Remove the rubber grommet for the steering shaft at the firewall.
  2.  
  3. Push the steering shaft in through the firewall until clear of the lower part of the dashboard. Pull the shaft back into the driver's compartment.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the steering lock from the shaft. Either install it on the new shaft or install the new lock on the present shaft.
  6.  

To install:
  1. Install the rubber grommet onto the end of the shaft. Push the column into place and fit it through the firewall. Position the column so the steering lock projects through the hole in the panel.
  2.  
  3. Attach the joint to the shaft and tighten the nut and bolt.
  4.  
  5. Install new shear bolts, but DO NOT break them. Later adjustment may be required.
  6.  
  7. Install the rubber grommet in the firewall.
  8.  
  9. At the upper end, install the switch bracket. Don't forget to connect the ground wire to one of the screws.
  10.  
  11. Install the turn signal switch, wiper switch and connect the wiring.
  12.  
  13. Install the race and spring for the upper bearing. Replace the plastic column covers.
  14.  
  15. Check that the front wheels point straight ahead and install the steering wheel. Tighten the nut to 25 ft. lbs. (34 Nm).
  16.  
  17. Turn the steering wheel and check for free rotation and no binding or rubbing. Make any needed adjustments before continuing.
  18.  
  19. Tighten the lower attachment bolts and then tighten the shear bolts. Keep turning the bolts until the heads break off.
  20.  



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Fig. Fig. 5: Location of the shear-head bolts-200 series



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Fig. Fig. 6: Remember to attach the ground wire (upper drawing) and install the bearing race (lower drawing) correctly-200 series

  1. Reconnect the battery cable and check the operation of the horn, turn signals and wipers.
  2.  

700 Series

See Figure 7


CAUTION
If the vehicle is equipped with the SRS (airbag) system, refer to the safety precautions listed earlier in this section.

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Under the hood, disconnect the upper steering shaft clamp bolt and snap ring. Then disconnect the lower steering shaft clamp bolt and snapring.
  4.  
  5. Push the steering shaft towards the firewall to free it from the clamp joint.
  6.  


WARNING
On SRS equipped vehicles, refer to the specific removal procedures listed under "Steering Wheel, Removal and Installation" in this section.

  1. Remove the steering wheel and remove the upper and lower plastic covers around the steering column.
  2.  
  3. Remove the horn wire, disconnect the wiring to the wiper and turn signal switches and remove the switches.
  4.  
  5. Remove the panel under the column and remove the heater hose. Remove the panel around the ignition switch and the heater controls. Be careful not to scratch the trim.
  6.  
  7. Find the two bolts for the steering lock. They will not have heads on them. Drill holes exactly in the center of the bolts and use a screw extractor to remove the bolts.
  8.  
  9. Remove the single bolt in the support bar.
  10.  
  11. At the floorboard, remove the three screws for the lower bearing plate
  12.  
  13. Under the dash, loosen (but do not remove) the three bolts for the steering column support bracket. One bolt is located high, about behind the speedometer; the other two are on the extreme left side of the dash.
  14.  



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Fig. Fig. 7: Loosen (but do not remove) the three bolts for the steering column support bracket

  1. Insert the key and turn it to position ON . Remove the retaining screw. Press in the locking tab and withdraw the lock assembly. Remove the key and disconnect the wiring from the switch.
  2.  
  3. Carefully pull down on the support bracket and lift out the steering column guide. Remove the steering column.
  4.  
  5. Check the length of the steering column. The collapsible coupling must be intact. Correct overall length of the shaft is 28.59-28.67 in. (726-728mm). If the shaft isn't the correct length, replace it.
  6.  

To install:
  1. Place the shaft within the guide and insert into place in the dash. If the shaft was disassembled or replaced, remember to fit the triangular bearing plate onto the bottom of the shaft.
  2.  
  3. Install new shear bolts. Snug them to hold but DO NOT break them yet. Install the single bolt into the bottom of the support bracket.
  4.  
  5. Insert the key in the ignition lock and turn it to II. Press the lock tab down and place the lock in position. Make sure that it bottoms correctly in its housing. Tighten the retaining screw and check the operation of the key and column lock assembly.
  6.  
  7. Tighten the bolts for the steering column support.
  8.  
  9. Install the lower bearing plate at the floorboard.
  10.  
  11. Double check placement of the column in the dash. Make any necessary adjustments in position. Make sure no wiring or cables are snagged or pulled out of place.
  12.  
  13. Tighten the two shear bolts until the heads break off.
  14.  
  15. Install the wiper and turn signal switches. Connect the switch wiring and connect the horn wiring.
  16.  
  17. Install the upper and lower steering column cover.
  18.  
  19. Replace the trim panel for the ignition switch and the heater controls. Install the heater hose and reinstall the lower panel.
  20.  
  21. Under the hood, attach the upper joint to the upper steering shaft. Tighten the bolt to 15 ft. lbs. (20 Nm). Tighten the lower joint to the same value. Install the snaprings.
  22.  


WARNING
On SRS equipped vehicles, refer to the specific installation procedures listed under "Steering Wheel, Removal and Installation" in this section.

  1. Install the steering wheel and tighten the center nut to 25 ft. lbs. (34 Nm). Install the center pad.
  2.  
  3. If the vehicle is SRS equipped, reconnect the harness connectors. Attach and secure the negative battery cable.
  4.  



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Fig. Fig. 8: Troubleshooting the Steering Column



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Fig. Fig. 9: Troubleshooting the Steering Column

 
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