Volvo Coupes/Sedans/Wagons 1970-1989 Repair Guide

Steering Wheel

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



The use of a knock-off type steering wheel puller or the use of a hammer may damage the collapsible column.

1970-71 140 Series and 164 Models
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the retaining screw from the upper half of the molded turn signal switch housing and the three retaining screws from the lower half. Remove both halves from the column.
  4.  
  5. Remove the two screws which retain the horn ring to the steering wheel. Turn and lift up the horn ring and disconnect the plug contact.
  6.  
  7. Remove the steering wheel nut.
  8.  
  9. With the front wheels pointing straight ahead, and the steering wheel centered, install the steering wheel puller (Volvo tool 2711 or similar) and pull off the steering wheel.
  10.  

To install:
  1. Make sure that the front wheels are pointing straight ahead, then place the centered steering wheel on the column and install the nut. Tighten the steering wheel nut to 25-30 ft. lbs. (34-41 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Connect the horn plug contact and install the horn ring.
  4.  
  5. First install the lower and then the upper turn signal housing halves and their retaining screws.
  6.  
  7. Connect the negative battery cable and check the operation of the horn.
  8.  

1972 140 Series and 164 Models
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the retaining screw for the upper half of the molded turn signal switch housing and lift off the housing.
  4.  
  5. Pry up and remove the impact protection from the horn ring. Disconnect the plug contact for the horn and remove the four retaining screws for the horn ring. Lift off the horn ring, noting the positions of the various springs and washers.
  6.  
  7. Remove the steering wheel nut.
  8.  

  1. With the front wheels pointing straight ahead, and the steering wheel centered, install a steering wheel puller (Volvo tool 2972 or similar) and pull off the steering wheel.
  2.  
  3. Remove the turn signal switch flange.
  4.  

To install:
  1. Make sure that the front wheels are pointing straight ahead, then position the turn signal switch flange into the column and place the centered steering wheel on the column. Install the steering wheel nut and tighten to 20-30 ft. lbs. (27-41 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Making sure the springs and washers are positioned correctly, install the horn ring on the steering wheel and tighten the four retaining screws. Connect the horn plug contact.
  4.  
  5. Install the upper turn signal housing half.
  6.  
  7. Connect the negative battery cable and test the operation of the horn.
  8.  

1800 Series
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Pry off the steering wheel impact pad.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the horn plug contact. Remove the three retaining screws and lift off the horn ring, (if so equipped) noting the placement of the springs and washers.
  6.  
  7. Bend back the lockring washer and remove the steering wheel nut. Mark the relative positions of the steering wheel to the column. Loosen the horn wire.
  8.  
  9. Install the steering wheel puller and pull off the wheel.
  10.  

To install:
  1. Place the steering wheel on the column so that the alignment marks made prior to removal line up. Install the nut and tighten to 20-30 ft. lbs. (27-41 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Connect the horn plug contact, and install the horn ring, springs, and washers with the three retaining screws (if so equipped).
  4.  
  5. Snap on the impact pad.
  6.  
  7. Connect the negative cable and test the operation of the horn.
  8.  

1973 and Later 100 and 200 Series

See Figures 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the retaining screws for the upper half of the molded turn signal housing and lift off the housing.
  4.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: Remove the steering wheel impact pad and set it aside

  1. Pry off the steering wheel impact pad.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 2: Pull away the plate that serves as the horn plug contact

  1. Disconnect the horn plug contact.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 3: Disconnect the horn plug contact taking care not to damage the connector or wire

  1. Remove the steering wheel nut.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 4: Mark the position of the steering wheel to aid alignment when installing

Due to a change in the cone angle of this steering shaft, a puller is not needed on 1979 and later models. Mark the steering wheel alignment to facilitate correct installation.



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 5: Use the correct metric socket to remove the steering wheel nut-1979 and later models need not use a steering wheel puller

  1. With the front wheels pointing straight ahead and the steering wheel centered, install a steering wheel puller. On 164 models, use an outside circumference type (Volvo No. 5003 or similar) and pull off the steering wheel. On 140, 240, and 260 models, use a universal type puller (Volvo No. 2263 or similar).
  2.  

To install:
  1. Make sure that the front wheels are pointing straight ahead and place the centered steering wheel on the column. Keep the plug contact on the left side and install the nut. Tighten it to 20-30 ft. lbs. (27-41 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Connect the horn plug contact and install the impact pad.
  4.  
  5. Install the upper turn signal housing half.
  6.  
  7. Connect the negative battery cable and test the operation of the horn.
  8.  

700 Series Without Supplemental Restraint System (SRS)
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Gently pry up the lower edge of the steering wheel center pad and remove it.
  4.  
  5. Unscrew the steering wheel center nut and remove the steering wheel.
  6.  
  7. When installing the steering wheel, torque the center to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm).
  8.  
  9. Install the center pad and snap it into place. Reconnect the negative battery cable.
  10.  

760 and 780 With Supplemental Restraint System

See Figures 6, 7, 8 and 9

Some 1987-88 and 1989 Volvo 780 and 760 series include an electrically operated Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) or airbag system. The SRS system can deploy during electrical testing or other work if certain steps are not followed. While the airbag and inflator are in the steering column, the system has various other wires and components located under the dash and under the seat.

If your car is equipped with SRS, observe the following rules when performing any work in or around the steering column or dashboard:



If you are not absolutely sure of the identity of a component, leave it alone.
 
Know where a wire goes before applying voltage or checking resistance.
 
Turn the ignition to OFF and disconnect the negative battery cable before disconnecting any electrical connectors inside the car.
 
Be sure that the integrity of the SRS wiring is not disturbed during the installation of accessories such as CB radios, phones, audio equipment, etc.
 
If the steering wheel must be removed, the bag assembly must first be removed and disconnected from the center of the wheel. Put the unit to the side and DO NOT attempt to check resistance at the inflator.
 
On 780 series, ALWAYS disconnect the 4-pin yellow connector at the lower part of the steering column near the center console. The front seat belts are also part of the SRS system. If any diagnostics must be done to the seat belt system, disconnect the seat belt tensioners (grey connectors under the driver's seat) before doing any work.
 
On the 760 series, ALWAYS disconnect the 4-pin yellow connector.
 
Do not disconnect the main lead to the sensor box under the seat.
 
Volvo specifically recommends against anyone other than factory-trained personnel attempting repairs or diagnosis on the SRS system.
 



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 6: Always unplug the yellow connector before performing any electrical diagnostic work-1988 760 with SRS shown



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Fig. Fig. 7: Location of SRS connectors-1987 780 shown

To remove the steering wheel:
  1. Park the car with the front wheels and the steering wheel straight.
  2.  
  3. Switch off the ignition and disconnect the negative battery cable. Disconnect the yellow connector in the SRS harness.
  4.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 8: Location of various retaining bolts-SRS-equipped vehicles

  1. Remove the 3mm Allen screw holding the steering wheel adjuster.
  2.  
  3. Remove the five screws in the lower cover and remove the covers.
  4.  
  5. Remove the two Torx® screws (size: T-27) from the back side of the steering wheel. This will free the airbag assembly in the center pad of the wheel. Disconnect the wire at the bag unit and set it aside.
  6.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 9: Reinstall the airbag unit in the three sequential steps shown

  1. Remove the bolt in the center of the steering wheel but leave the wheel in place.
  2.  
  3. Remove the lock screw (at the end of the plastic label) from its storage position in the wheel hub. Install the lock screw through the steering wheel hub to lock the contact reel. Do not turn the wheel after the lock screw is in place; the pin in the contact reel will shear.
  4.  
  5. Lift off the steering wheel.
  6.  

To install:
  1. Feed the wire through the steering wheel and place the wheel in position. Make sure the pin on the contact reel aligns with the center of the hole in the steering wheel.
  2.  
  3. Install the center bolt for the steering wheel and tighten finger tight only.
  4.  
  5. Remove the lock screw from the contact reel. Rewind the flag and store it in its compartment.
  6.  
  7. Tighten the steering wheel center nut to 24 ft. lbs. (32 Nm).
  8.  
  9. Place the lower part of the airbag assembly on the steering wheel (1). Connect the electrical connector and insure that it clicks into position (2). Align the bag assembly and rotate it up into place (3). Install the two Torx® screws through the back of the wheel and tighten them to 6 ft. lbs. (8 Nm).
  10.  
  11. Make sure that the steering wheel can be turned freely and that the column ignition lock functions correctly.
  12.  
  13. Reinstall the steering wheel covers and the wheel adjustor handle. Connect the yellow connectors in the SRS system. Connect the negative battery cable.
  14.  

 
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