Vue 2002-2005

Starter

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Before servicing any vehicle, please be sure to read the precautions section, which deals with personal safety, prevention of component damage, and important points to take into consideration when servicing a motor vehicle.

Removal & Installation



2.2L Engine
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:
    NOTE
    Spray the starter solenoid electrical connectors with penetrating oil before removal.



    Negative battery cable
     



    Starter electrical connections
     
    Starter bolts
     
    Starter assembly by pulling it toward the left side of the vehicle

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Starter assembly removal-2.2L engines

     

  4.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Starter to the flywheel housing and torque the bolts to 30 ft. lbs. (40 Nm)
     
    Starter electrical connectors and torque the solenoid ignition wire to 44 inch lbs. (5 Nm) and the positive battery cable to 89 inch lbs. (10 Nm)
     
    Negative battery cable
     

  2.  

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    The negative battery cable
     
    The starter electrical connections
     
    The starter bolts
     
    The starter assembly by pulling it toward the left side of the vehicle

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Starter assembly removal-2.2L engine

     

  4.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    The starter to the flywheel housing and torque the bolts to 30 ft. lbs. (40 Nm)
     
    The starter electrical connectors and torque the solenoid ignition wire to 44 inch lbs. (5 Nm) and the positive battery cable to 89 inch lbs. (10 Nm)
     
    The negative battery cable
     

  2.  

3.0L Engine
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable
     
    Right front wheel
     
    Starter electrical connections
     
    Loosen the fastener securing the electrical harness bracket to the engine
     
    Starter bolts
     
    Starter assembly by pulling it toward the left side of the vehicle

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Starter motor mounting-3.0L engine

     

  4.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Starter to the flywheel housing and torque the bolts to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm)
     
    Starter electrical connections and tighten the electrical harness bracket bolt
     
    Right front wheel
     
    Negative battery cable
     

  2.  

3.5L Engines
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions section.
    NOTE
    Record all pre-set radio stations.

  2.  
  3. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  4.  
  5. Remove starter electrical connections.
  6.  
  7. Remove the lower starter-to-transmission bolt and Oxygen (O 2 ) sensor connector bracket.
  8.  
  9. Remove the upper starter-to-transmission bolt.
  10.  
  11. Remove the starter.
  12.  

To install:

  1. Install the starter. Tighten the starter bolts to 33 ft. lbs. (44 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Install the starter electrical connections.
  4.  
  5. Connect the negative battery cable and reprogram the radio stations
  6.  

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions section.
    NOTE
    Record all pre-set radio stations.

  2.  
  3. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  4.  
  5. Remove starter electrical connections.
  6.  
  7. Remove the lower starter-to-transaxle bolt and Oxygen (O 2 ) sensor connector bracket.
  8.  
  9. Remove the upper starter-to-transaxle bolt.
  10.  
  11. Remove the starter.
  12.  

To install:

  1. Install the starter. Tighten the starter bolts to 33 ft. lbs. (44 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Install the starter electrical connections.
  4.  
  5. Connect the negative battery cable and reprogram the radio stations
  6.  

Solenoid or Relay



Removal & Installation

The starter solenoid is an integral part of the starter motor assembly and should be removed with the starter when the starter is in need of replacement.

Testing & Troubleshooting



Before testing the starting system, perform a preliminary visual check. Inspect the wiring and connections for the battery cable and the starter solenoid, then check the ignition switch for proper operation. When the switch is turned ON , the instrument cluster lights should illuminate and accessories such as the radio may be operated. Check the instrument panel junction block for blown fuses.

The starting system includes the battery, starter motor, solenoid switch, ignition switch, inhibitor switch, connection wires and the battery cables. When the ignition key is turned to the start position, current flows and energizes the starter motor solenoid coil. The solenoid plunger and clutch shift lever are activated, and the clutch pinion engages the ring gear. The contacts close and the starter motor cranks the engine. In order to prevent damage caused by excessive rotation of the starter armature when the engine starts, the clutch pinion gear overruns.

  1. Inspect for aftermarket devices which could affect the operation of the starting and charging systems. Inspect the easily accessible or visible system components for obvious damage or conditions which could cause a fault symptom.
  2.  
  3. The starter should crank the engine smoothly and steadily. If the starter engages, but cranks the engine erratically, remove it, and inspect the starter drive gear and torque converter ring gear for damage. Check the drive gear overrunning clutch for binding or slipping when the armature is rotated with the drive gear held in place. If damaged, replace the starter drive.
  4.  
  5. If the starter is not turning over the engine, check that the wire connections are fastened securely to the starter solenoid and that battery voltage (12 volts) is supplied to the starter.
  6.  

The Engine Control Module (ECM)/Powertrain Control Module (PCM) controls engine cranking based on a power mode input and the status of the clutch start switch (manual transaxle) or the Park/Neutral Position (PNP) switch (automatic transaxle). With the transaxle in Park/Neutral or the clutch depressed, voltage at the ECM/PCM PNP/clutch start switch signal circuit is high. This indicates to the ECM/PCM that conditions are acceptable for cranking. When a power mode crank request is seen, the ECM/PCM grounds the starter relay coil control circuit. This energizes the coil side of the relay, which pulls the switch side of the relay closed, applying voltage to the starter S-terminal and engaging the starter solenoid.

  1. A misadjusted PNP switch or clutch start switch may result in a starter solenoid that will not engage or click.
  2.  

 
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