The Throttle Position (TP) sensor is a rotary potentiometer sensor that provides a signal to the PCM that is linearly proportional to the throttle plate/shaft position. The sensor housing has a three-blade electrical connector that may be gold plated. The gold plating increases corrosion resistance on terminals and increases connector durability. The TP sensor is mounted on the throttle body. As the TP sensor is rotated by the throttle shaft, four operating conditions are determined by the PCM from the TP. Those conditions are closed throttle (includes idle or deceleration), part throttle (includes cruise or moderate acceleration), wide open throttle (includes maximum acceleration or de-choke on crank), and throttle angle rate.
Removal & Installation
4.2L, 4.6L, 5.4L & 6.8L Engines
- Disconnect the negative battery cable.
- Remove the air intake assembly.
- Disconnect the Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) electrical connector.
- Remove the mounting screws and TPS.
- Installation is the reverse order of removal.
Inspect the air cleaner and inlet duct. Check all engine vacuum hoses for damage, leaks, cracks, kinks and proper routing. Check Electronic Control (EC) system wiring harness for proper connections, bent or broken pins, corrosion, loose wires and proper routing. Check the powertrain control module (PCM), sensors, and actuators for physical damage.
Basic circuit checks help to minimize pinpoint test steps by providing a procedure to diagnose harness faults associated with the Electronic Engine Control (EC) System: