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    1980 HARLEM AVE
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    Ford Taurus/Sable 1986-1995 Repair Information

    Steering Column

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    REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



    1986-89 Vehicles

    See Figures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8

    1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
    2.  
    3. Remove the four self-tapping screws, then remove the steering column cover from the lower portion of the instrument panel.
    4.  



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 1: Remove the four self-tapping screws, then remove the steering column cover from the lower portion of the instrument panel

    1. Unfasten the retaining screw, then remove the tilt release lever.
    2.  
    3. Remove the ignition lock cylinder.
    4.  
    5. Remove the 3 self-tapping screws from the bottom of the lower shroud, then remove the steering column trim shrouds. Remove the horn pad and steering wheel assembly.
    6.  
    7. If equipped with column shift, perform the following:
      1. Disconnect the shift position indicator cable from the lock cylinder housing by removing the retaining screw.
      2.  
      3. Disconnect the shift position indicator cable from the shift socket.
      4.  
      5. Remove the shift position indicator cable from the retaining hook on the bottom of the lock cylinder housing.
      6.  

    8.  



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 2: If equipped with column shift, disconnect the shift position indicator cable from the lock cylinder housing by removing the retaining screw

    1. Using a punch, remove the shift lever-to-shift socket retaining pin, then remove the shift lever.
    2.  
    3. Disengage the cruise control/horn brush wiring connector from the main wiring harness.
    4.  
    5. Remove the multi-function/combination switch wiring harness retainer from the lock cylinder housing by squeezing the end of the retainer and pushing out. Disengage the multi-function/combination switch connector, then unfasten the two self-tapping retaining screws and remove the multi-function/combination switch.
    6.  



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 3: Remove the multi-function/combination switch wiring harness retainer from the lock cylinder housing by squeezing the end of the retainer and pushing out



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 4: Disengage the multi-function/combination switch connector, remove the two self-tapping retaining screws, then remove the multi-function/combination switch

    1. Disengage the key warning buzzer switch wiring connector from the main wiring harness and the wiring connector from the ignition switch.
    2.  



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 5: Location of the ignition switch wiring connector

    1. Disconnect the steering shaft from the intermediate shaft after removing the two nuts and U-clamp. If equipped with an air bag, wire the lower end of the steering shaft to the column housing to prevent rotation of the steering shaft.
    2.  

    Rotating the steering shaft could damage the air bag contact clockspring if the steering wheel is attached to the column.

    1. If equipped with column shift, perform the following:
      1. Remove the shift cable plastic terminal from the column selector lever pivot ball using a small prybar and prying between the plastic terminal and the selector lever. Be careful not to damage the cable during or after assembly.
      2.  
      3. Remove the shift cable bracket, with shift cable still attached, from the lock cylinder housing by removing the two retaining screws.
      4.  

    2.  



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 6: Remove the shift cable plastic terminal from the column selector lever pivot ball using a small prybar between the plastic terminal and the selector lever. Be careful not to damage the cable during or after assembly

    1. If equipped with an automatic parking brake release mechanism, remove the vacuum hoses from the parking brake release switch.
    2.  
    3. Remove the two nuts retaining the rear column assembly. Loosen the two nuts retaining the front column assembly to the end of the studs, but do not remove them at this time.
    4.  
    5. Use a downward force to disengage the column assembly push-on clips from the rear attachments, then remove the two remaining nuts.
    6.  

    When forcing downward, be careful to avoid damaging the safety slip-clips on the steering column.

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 7: Use a downward force to disengage the column assembly push-on clips from the rear attachments, then remove the two remaining nuts

    1. Carefully lower the steering column assembly, then remove it from the vehicle.
    2.  

    To install:
    1. Raise the steering column assembly into position, and align the four mounting holes over the four support bracket studs. Hand-start the 4 retaining nuts.
    2.  
    3. Center the column assembly in the instrument panel opening, then tighten the four nuts to 15-25 ft. lbs. (21-33 Nm).
    4.  
    5. If equipped with an automatic parking brake release mechanism, install the vacuum hoses on the parking brake release switch.
    6.  
    7. If equipped with column shift, perform the following:
      1. Attach the cable shift bracket, with the shift cable attached, to the lock cylinder housing, then tighten the retaining screws to 5-7 ft. lbs. (7-9 Nm).
      2.  
      3. Snap the transaxle shift cable terminal to the selector lever pivot ball on the steering column.
      4.  

    8.  
    9. Apply a generous amount of grease to the V-shaped steering shaft yoke. Connect the steering shaft to the intermediate shaft with the U-clamp and the two hex nuts. When installing the steering column to the intermediate shaft, connect the intermediate shaft to the steering column with the retainer assembly and two nuts.
    10.  

    Make sure the V-angle of the intermediate shaft fits correctly into the V-angle of the mating steering column yoke. If the V-angle is misaligned and the retainer is tightened, the retainer plate will be bent, necessitating replacement.

    1. After correctly installing the steering column to the intermediate shaft, tighten the nuts to 15-25 ft. lbs. (21-33 Nm).
    2.  



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 8: Correct and incorrect installation of the intermediate shaft

    Tilt columns must be in the middle tilt position before the nuts are tightened.

    1. Engage the main wiring harness connector to the ignition switch, and the key warning buzzer switch wiring connector to the main harness. Attach the steering sensor wire connector to the sensor lead connector.
    2.  
    3. Install the combination switch, then tighten the two self-tapping screws to 18-26 inch lbs. (2.0-2.9 Nm). Install the combination switch wiring harness retainer over the shroud mounting boss, and snap it into the slot in the lock cylinder housing.
    4.  
    5. Engage the cruise control/horn brush wiring connector to the main wiring harness.
    6.  
    7. If equipped with column shift, install the shift position indicator cable into the retaining hook on the lock cylinder housing, connect the cable to the shift socket and loosely install the cable onto the lock cylinder housing with the screw. Adjust the shift position indicator cable as follows:
      1. Place the shift lever in D on Taurus equipped with the 2.5L engine. On all others, place the shift lever in OD . A weight of 8 lbs. (4 kg) should be hung on the shift selector lever to make sure the lever is firmly against the D or OD drive detent.
      2.  
      3. Adjust the cable until the indicator pointer completely covers the D or OD , then tighten the screw to 18-30 inch lbs. (2.0-3.4 Nm).
      4.  
      5. Cycle the shift lever through all positions and check that the shift position indicator completely covers the proper letter or number in each position.
      6.  

    8.  
    9. Install the shift lever into the shift lever socket, then insert a new shift lever retaining pin. Use care to avoid damaging the shift position indicator post on the shift socket.
    10.  
    11. Place the combination switch in the middle position, then install the steering wheel and horn pad assembly.
    12.  
    13. Install the shrouds with the retaining screws. Tighten to 6-10 inch lbs. (0.7-1.1 Nm). If equipped with a tilt column, install the tilt release lever and tighten the screw to 6.5-9.0 ft. lbs. (8.8-12 Nm).
    14.  
    15. Install the ignition lock cylinder. Install the steering column cover on the lower portion of the instrument panel with 4 self-tapping screws.
    16.  
    17. Connect the negative battery cable. Check the column function as follows:
      1. With the column shift lever in P position or the floor shift key release button depressed, and with the ignition switch in the LOCK position, make sure the steering column locks.
      2.  
      3. With the column shift lever in D or with the floor shift key release button extended, and with the ignition switch in the RUN position, rotate the ignition switch toward the LOCK position until it stops. In this position, make sure that there is no power to the engine and/or accessories and that the steering shaft does not lock.
      4.  
      5. On tilt columns, check column tilt travel through its entire range to make sure there is no interference between the column and instrument panel.
      6.  
      7. Cycle the combination switch through all of its functions.
      8.  

    18.  

    1990-95 Vehicles

    See Figures 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13

    1. Disconnect the negative battery cable. Lower the glove compartment past its stops and disconnect the air bag backup power supply.
    2.  
    3. Make sure the vehicle's front wheels are in the straight-ahead position. Remove the steering wheel.
    4.  
    5. Remove the left and right lower mouldings from the instrument panel by pulling up and snapping out of the retainers.
    6.  
    7. Remove the instrument panel lower trim cover and the lower steering column shroud.
    8.  
    9. Disconnect the air bag clockspring contact assembly wire harness. Apply two strips of tape across the contact assembly stator and rotor to prevent accidental rotation. Remove the three contact assembly retaining screws, then pull the contact assembly off the steering column shaft.
    10.  
    11. Remove the tilt lever by unscrewing it from the column, then remove the four screws.
    12.  
    13. Rotate the ignition lock cylinder to the RUN position. Using a 1 / 8 in. (3mm) drift, depress the lock cylinder retaining pin through the access hole, then remove the lock cylinder.
    14.  
    15. Remove the four retaining screws from the lower steering column shroud, then remove the lower and upper steering column shrouds.
    16.  



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 9: Remove the four retaining screws from the lower steering column shroud, then remove the lower and upper steering column shrouds

    1. Remove the two instrument panel reinforcement brace retaining bolts, then remove the reinforcement.
    2.  



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 10: Unfasten the two retaining bolts, then remove the instrument panel reinforcement brace

    1. If equipped with column shift, disconnect the shift position indicator cable from the actuator housing by removing the screw, then disconnect the cable loop from the shift tube hook. If equipped with console shift, remove the interlock cable retaining screws, then remove the cable.
    2.  



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 11: If equipped with column shift, disconnect the shift position indicator cable from the actuator housing by removing the screw, then disconnect the cable loop from the shift tube hook

    1. Remove the two multi-function/combination switch retaining screws, then set the switch aside.
    2.  



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 12: Remove the two multi-function/combination switch retaining screws, then set the switch aside

    1. Disengage the wiring connector from the ignition switch.
    2.  
    3. Remove the four nuts securing the column skid plate, then remove the plate.
    4.  
    5. Remove the pinch bolt from the steering column lower yoke.
    6.  
    7. While supporting the steering column, remove the four steering column tube retaining nuts. Lower the steering column, then disconnect hoses at the parking brake release switch or remove the vacuum release assembly.
    8.  
    9. Disconnect the shift cable and bracket from the transmission column shift selector tube lever pivot.
    10.  
    11. For vehicles equipped with console shift, remove the two shift lock actuator cable retaining screws, then remove the actuator.
    12.  
    13. Remove the column from the vehicle.
    14.  



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 13: Exploded view of the steering column mounting-1990-95 vehicles

    To install:
    1. Place the steering column in the vehicle, then align the column lower yoke to the lower steering column shaft. Install the bolt, then tighten to 31-41 ft. lbs. (41- 56 Nm).
    2.  
    3. Connect the parking brake release vacuum hoses.
    4.  
    5. For console shift, position the shift lock actuator, then install the two retaining screws.
    6.  
    7. Position the steering column assembly to the column support bracket. Install the four retaining nuts, then tighten to 9-13 ft. lbs. (13-17 Nm).
    8.  
    9. Position the shift cable bracket, with the shift cable attached, to the lower two screws of the column. Tighten to 5-8 ft. lbs. (7-11 Nm). Snap the shift cable onto the shift selector pivot ball.
    10.  
    11. Position the multi-function/combination switch, then install the two retaining screws. Tighten to 18-26 inch lbs. (2-3 Nm). Engage all electrical connectors.
    12.  
    13. Fasten the transmission shift cable and bracket loop on the shift selector hook, then install the transmission range selector cable bracket to the steering actuator housing. Install the retaining screw and tighten to 5-8 ft. lbs. (7-11 Nm).
    14.  
    15. Connect the steering column-to-parking brake control shake brace.
    16.  
    17. Install the instrument panel reinforcement brace, then secure with the two retaining bolts.
    18.  
    19. Attach the upper and lower steering column shrouds.
    20.  
    21. Install the ignition switch lock cylinder.
    22.  
    23. Connect the tilt steering column lock lever onto the steering column flange tube.
    24.  
    25. Attach the air bag sliding contact with the three retaining screws, then tighten the screws to 18-26 inch lbs. (2-3 Nm).
    26.  

    If a new contact assembly is being installed, remove the plastic lock mechanism after the contact assembly is secured to the column.

    1. Install the steering wheel onto the steering gear input worm gear and rack, using a new bolt. Tighten the new bolt to 22-33 ft. lbs. (31-48 Nm).
    2.  
    3. Position the drivers side air bag module to the steering wheel. Install the two retaining screws, then tighten to 36-47 inch lbs. (4-5 Nm).
    4.  
    5. Connect the air bag backup power supply and the negative battery cable. Verify the air bag warning indicator.
    6.  

     
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