Code P0452: EVAP Pressure Sensor/Switch Low
The makers of modern vehicles were smart in their design, and included an error code system. When something goes wrong, the car will send an error code. With the right tool, you can read this code and know exactly what the problem is. If you are getting an OBD-II scanner error code P0452 problem you probably want to know what it means. If it is something you can fix yourself, you can save yourself the money of going to a mechanic. The error code P0452 refers to a problem in the evaporative emissions system, or EVAP for short.
What Does the Error Mean?
Most people do not really know what the evaporative emissions system is, much less how it works. So what does the code P0452 mean? Essentially, the EVAP system is designed to control the fumes that come off of gasoline. It can be dangerous if these fumes are not contained properly. Not only is the presence of the fumes potentially dangerous, they would continuously increase the pressure as they build up. The EVAP system uses a complicated set of canisters and vacuums to control the fumes. Then, the powertrain control module uses sensors to monitor the EVAP system.
The P0452 error code is sent when the pressure in the EVAP system is found to be too low. This can be caused by a mechanical failure that caused the pressure to drop lower than it is supposed to. It can also be caused by electrical problems with the sensor, which makes it incorrectly determine that the pressure is too low.
Symptoms To Watch for
The P0452 error code is one that does not come with very many symptoms. Sometimes, you may detect a strange scent in the emissions. Other times, the fuel economy may be slightly lowered. Most of the time, however, the only symptom that comes with this error code is the check engine light being illuminated. Unfortunately, the lack of symptoms makes it slightly more difficult to diagnose the cause of the problem.
The Danger of Ignoring it
A problem in the EVAP system is not a particularly serious issue. You should address it relatively quickly to be certain that the cause does not break other components, but you will not be put in any immediate danger if you get this error code. Even if the gasoline fumes leak into the cabin of the car, they will not be concentrated enough to do any harm to your body.
So now the big question: “How do I fix trouble code P0452?” These are the steps you should follow:
- First, take a good look at the fuel cap. Although rare, a bad seal on the fuel cap can cause this issue. If you notice anything out of the ordinary, replace your fuel cap and clear the code. If the error code does not return in a few days, you have fixed the issue.
- If that does not fix the issue, examine the hoses and lines in the EVAP system. A crack or break in one of the hoses is an incredibly simple problem with one of the easiest solutions. If you note a crack, repair it or replace the hose.
- Third, you should check the sensor and electrical system. You will need to reference a diagram of your specific car model to know where the potentially problematic sensor is located. If the sensor appears to be damaged, or you notice any frayed wires or damaged circuitry, replace or repair the damage.
- If you still have not fixed the issue, you will need to investigate the whole EVAP system for mechanical failure. This is a very long and difficult process, which may be better suited for a mechanic.