P2181: Cooling System Performance
An engine operating temperature above or below the recommended range can send the cooling system performance code P2181 to an OBD-II Diagnostic scanner. This generic powertrain code does not include any specifics, making it important to consider any additional codes and take precise measurements with a temperature scan tool.
What Does the Code P2181 Mean?
The initial letter in an alphanumeric OBD-II trouble code indicates the malfunctioning system. Codes commencing with the letter ‘P’ point toward powertrain problems. The number 2181 suggests an engine temperature regulation issue.
Check the engine temperature gauge on your dashboard. If there is no indication of high or low temperature, the thermometer may be faulty or inaccurate.
What Is the Most Likely Cause of Code P2181?
High or low engine temperature or a faulty thermometer are the usual causes of trouble code P2181. Overheating can ruin an engine in a matter of minutes, whereas an engine running too cool could be slightly less urgent. Try to normalize engine temperature as soon as possible.
Some car makes and year models erroneously throw code P2181. A flash update to the PCM is known to resolve this issue for the following vehicles:
- 2007 to 2009 Chrysler Sebring and Dodge Avenger models with 2.7L or 3.5L engines
- 2008 and 2009 Chrysler Town & Country and Grand Voyager vans with 3.3L, 3.8L or 4.0L engines
- 2009 Dodge Journey and Challenger models with 2.7L or 3.5L engines
- 2007 to 2010 Chrysler Magnum models with 2.7L or 2.5L engines
If you drive any of these vehicles, this code may be sent in error. Make sure the engine temperature stays within normal operating range and get an update to clear the code.
How Do I Fix Trouble Code P2181?
Start looking for the source of the problem while the engine is cool. Remove the radiator cap and check the coolant level prior to pressure testing the system for leaks. If this does not identify the source of the problem, leave the radiator cap off and start the engine.
A temperature scan tool is a safe and reliable way to monitor engine operating temperature. Coolant should begin to flow inside radiator cores as the engine reaches the range of 190 to 195 degrees Fahrenheit. If this does not occur by the time the engine reaches 195 degrees, the thermostat may be faulty.
If coolant is flowing, wait until the engine temperature reaches 205 degrees and see whether the engine fan activates. If the fan does not turn on, it may be necessary to tighten the engine fan connection or replace a blown fuse or related components such as the fan itself, connector pins or wiring.
An engine that runs at normal temperature while driving but overheats when stopped may be due to a malfunctioning radiator fan. You should also check the tension of the serpentine or timing belts and condition of belt tensioners. Any signs of slippage or leaks may point toward a worn water pump bushing or faulty fan clutch. A blown head gasket could also cause a P2181 trouble code. Chrysler, Dodge, and some Volkswagen owners may be able to clear erroneous codes with an ECM flash update from an authorized dealer.
Get the Parts And Tools You Need
Whether you find out that the engine in your car or truck is running too hot or too cool, AutoZone carries everything you need to regulate the temperature. Whether you are a do-it-yourselfer or are just looking for the lowest parts prices, you can find vehicle-specific replacement parts by providing the make, model, year model and engine type of your car or truck. Head to the nearest AutoZone location for complementary OBD-II diagnostic scanning.