How Long Does a Radiator Hose Last?
Cooling systems keep your car’s engine in the optimal temperature range while you drive, reducing emissions and promoting fuel efficiency. They also transfer heat into the cabin to make you comfortable. But their primary purpose is to absorb the heat created by the combustion process and whisk it away, dispersing it into the air around your vehicle, preventing catastrophic failure. And performing an unassuming role in moving coolant from the engine to the radiator and back are radiator hoses.
Like all flexible, rubber parts, they eventually deteriorate and leak or collapse. They aren’t expensive on their own, almost always less than $50 each, but select specialty hose assemblies can be more than $500. But if it fails, the damage that’s caused can be in the thousands. It pays to know how long a radiator hose lasts and what to look for when it goes bad.
Average Lifespan of a Radiator Hose
Drivers operate their vehicles differently and for a wide range of uses. There’s no set interval for replacing a radiator hose, but you can generally expect to get at least four to five years from each before they fail. It can be 10 or even 15 years without a problem for some vehicle owners, but that’s certainly not guaranteed. It’s even possible for it to last the complete vehicle lifespan.
When it comes time for radiator hose replacement, it’s best to change both the upper hose and lower radiator hose at the same time. Any other coolant hoses such as heater hoses, are likely not far behind either, and always flush the coolant when doing a repair like this.
How a Radiator Hose is Constructed
A radiator hose is typically made of a blend of natural and synthetic rubber compounds with a reinforcing layer of cotton or Kevlar strands. These fibers help the radiator hose maintain its structural integrity and shape, and prevent it from collapsing on itself or ballooning under pressure.
Some radiator hoses, particularly on performance models, could also be made from silicone. In either case, they’re intended to withstand the extreme heat from the environment under the hood as well as coolant passing through that could exceed 200 degrees F consistently.
Factors that Affect the Lifespan of a Radiator Hose
Several factors affect how long a radiator hose lasts, but none is more important is the quality of the hose itself. A high-quality hose made from durable materials and is properly reinforced is more likely to last longer and withstand the demands of daily use. Cheap parts and knockoff brands cut corners on the reinforcement, which can lead to early failure.
Other factors include:
- The operating temperature of the engine. If the engine runs hot, your radiator hoses can be subjected to extreme temperatures that can cause them to break down and fail. Regularly monitor the temperature and keep it running at optimal temperatures.
- Hose installation. If the hose is bent or kinked, it can put added stress on the material and cause it to fail prematurely. It can also be nicked or cut when you’re working around it, and that can lead to a bad outcome.
- The quality and type of coolant you use. If the coolant is contaminated or not changed regularly, it can cause corrosion and degradation, leading to leaks and failure.
- Regular maintenance. Checking for leaks and cracks and replacing the hose if necessary during your routine car maintenance checkup can help extend the lifespan of a radiator hose and ensure your vehicle runs smoothly.
Frequently Asked Questions
If your hose is collapsed, doesn’t rebound when it’s squeezed, feels crunchy, has cracked in it, or is leaking, it needs to be replaced.
Changing a radiator hose is a straightforward DIY task. Take care to let the engine cool before removing the hose, drain and refill the coolant first, and fill the system with new coolant when you’re done.
Radiator hoses are typically $50 or less, with some exceptions. You’ll also need engine coolant, and if you aren’t comfortable doing the job on your own, the cost of labor needs to be considered.
By changing the coolant per the maintenance schedule and ensuring your engine operating temperature remains within the normal range, your radiator hoses will last as long as possible.